African Smoking and Pipes

@article{Philips1983AfricanSA,
  title={African Smoking and Pipes},
  author={John Edward Philips},
  journal={The Journal of African History},
  year={1983},
  volume={24},
  pages={303 - 319}
}
  • J. Philips
  • Published 1 July 1983
  • History
  • The Journal of African History
This article first explains the importance of the history of smoking pipes for other historical questions, especially in West Africa, where pipe styles are used to date archaeological levels. A survey of the major theories about African smoking and pipes is presented. This is followed by a review of the published archaeological literature pertaining to smoking pipes found at various sites from around the continent. The various controversies surrounding African smoking customs are then looked at… 
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