Africa and Pleistocene Overkill

  title={Africa and Pleistocene Overkill},
  author={Paul S. Martin},

Models for Pleistocene Extinction

Arguments for Paleoindian overkill of Late Pleistocene megafauna have traditionally emphasized North America with little more than token reference to other areas. Other scholars reject human

The uncertain case for human-driven extinctions prior to Homo sapiens

Abstract A growing body of literature proposes that our ancestors contributed to large mammal extinctions in Africa long before the appearance of Homo sapiens, with some arguing that premodern

Plio-Pleistocene decline of African megaherbivores: No evidence for ancient hominin impacts

Analysis of eastern African herbivore communities spanning the past 7 million years is analyzed to test the hypothesis that top-down impacts of tool-bearing, meat-eating hominins contributed to the demise of megaherbivores prior to the emergence of Homo sapiens.

Megafauna extinctions produce idiosyncratic Anthropocene assemblages

The “trophic downgrading of planet Earth” refers to the systematic decline of the world’s largest vertebrates. However, our understanding of why megafauna extinction risk varies through time and the

A New Approach to the Quantitative Analysis of Bone Surface Modifications: the Bowser Road Mastodon and Implications for the Data to Understand Human-Megafauna Interactions in North America

Toward the end of the Pleistocene, the world experienced a mass extinction of megafauna. In North America these included its proboscideans—the mammoths and mastodons. Researchers in conservation

Demographic history and genetic diversity of wild African harlequin quail (Coturnix delegorguei delegorguei) populations of Kenya

Abstract Hunting wild African harlequin quails (Coturnix delegorguei delegorguei) using traditional methods in Western Kenya has been ongoing for generations, yet their genetic diversity and

Reintroducing extirpated herbivores could partially reverse the late Quaternary decline of large and grazing species

Many terrestrial herbivore assemblages—and hence ecosystems—would remain trophically downgraded, even after bringing back all extant, native herbivores, and complementary interventions would be required to achieve complete functional restoration.

No evidence for widespread island extinctions after Pleistocene hominin arrival

It is shown that extinctions at a global level cannot be associated with Pleistocene hominin arrival based on current data and are difficult to disentangle from records of environmental change.



The Potassium-Argon Dating of Late Cenozoic Rocks in East Africa and Italy [and Comments and Reply]

A technique for the potassium-argon dating of high potassium feldspars of less than 50,000 years age is described. The technique is applied to the obtaining of high precision ages in the time-range


Zeolites and dawsonite have formed rapidly during the past 20,000 years in the sides of Olduvai Gorge and over the adjacent Serengeti Plain of northeast Tanganyika. Nephelinite tuffs were altered to

Evidence for a Considerable Depression of the Vegetation Belts during the Upper Pleistocene on the East African Mountains

  • J. Coetzee
  • Environmental Science, Geology
  • 1964
PRELIMINARY analyses were made of a core from the sediments of Sacred Lake, which lies in the montane rain forest zone at an altitude of 2,440 m at 37° 32′ E. and 0° 03′ N. on the north-east flank of