Africa and Pleistocene Overkill

  title={Africa and Pleistocene Overkill},
  author={Paul S. Martin},
Models for Pleistocene Extinction
Arguments for Paleoindian overkill of Late Pleistocene megafauna have traditionally emphasized North America with little more than token reference to other areas. Other scholars reject humanExpand
The uncertain case for human-driven extinctions prior to Homo sapiens
Abstract A growing body of literature proposes that our ancestors contributed to large mammal extinctions in Africa long before the appearance of Homo sapiens, with some arguing that premodernExpand
The numbers game in wildlife conservation: changeability and framing of large mammal numbers in Zimbabwe
Wildlife conservation in terrestrial ecosystems requires an understanding of processes influencing population sizes. Top-down and bottom-up processes are important in large herbivore populationExpand
Reintroducing extirpated herbivores could partially reverse the late Quaternary decline of large and grazing species
Many terrestrial herbivore assemblages—and hence ecosystems—would remain trophically downgraded, even after bringing back all extant, native herbivores, and complementary interventions would be required to achieve complete functional restoration. Expand
A foraging theory perspective on the associational critique of North American Pleistocene overkill
Abstract At least 37 genera of mostly large mammals went extinct toward the end of the Pleistocene in North America near the time of human arrival, and this general synchrony has long been argued toExpand
Late Quaternary extinctions in the Indian Subcontinent
Abstract Over the last 50,000 years, a majority of megafauna went extinct globally. Only two regions, Africa, and tropical Asia retain megafaunal communities today. Their persistence in Africa hasExpand
Chapter Five. Macroecological Patterns of Body Size in Mammals across Time and Space
Macroecology is a way of thinking, exploring, and asking questions about complex ecological phenomena. By examining large-scale patterns across temporal, spatial, or taxonomic scales, consistent,Expand
Farming the Sea: The Only Way to Meet Humanity's Future Food Needs
Responsible marine aquaculture can complement responsible land‐based agriculture and aquacultural and well‐managed fisheries to increase the global supply of nutritious food. Expand
The Ecology of Browsing and Grazing II


The Potassium-Argon Dating of Late Cenozoic Rocks in East Africa and Italy [and Comments and Reply]
A technique for the potassium-argon dating of high potassium feldspars of less than 50,000 years age is described. The technique is applied to the obtaining of high precision ages in the time-rangeExpand
Evidence for a Considerable Depression of the Vegetation Belts during the Upper Pleistocene on the East African Mountains
PRELIMINARY analyses were made of a core from the sediments of Sacred Lake, which lies in the montane rain forest zone at an altitude of 2,440 m at 37° 32′ E. and 0° 03′ N. on the north-east flank ofExpand
Zeolites and dawsonite have formed rapidly during the past 20,000 years in the sides of Olduvai Gorge and over the adjacent Serengeti Plain of northeast Tanganyika. Nephelinite tuffs were altered toExpand