Aflatoxins in organs and biological samples from children affected by kwashiorkor, marasmus and marasmic-kwashiorkor: A scoping review.

@article{Soriano2020AflatoxinsIO,
  title={Aflatoxins in organs and biological samples from children affected by kwashiorkor, marasmus and marasmic-kwashiorkor: A scoping review.},
  author={Jos{\'e} Miguel Soriano and Ana Rubini and Mar{\'i}a Morales-Suarez and Juan Francisco Merino-Torres and Dolores Silvestre},
  journal={Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology},
  year={2020}
}

Assessment of Exposure to Mycotoxins in Spanish Children through the Analysis of Their Levels in Plasma Samples

TLDR
OTA and STER should be highly considered in the risk assessment of mycotoxins, and glucuronidation as a pathway for STER metabolism in children is supported.

Albumin-dependent and independent mechanisms in the syndrome of kwashiorkor

TLDR
It is demonstrated that serum albumin is associated with the presence and severity of oedema among severely malnourished children, and it is concluded that the pathophysiology of kwashiorkor has both albumin-dependent and independent mechanisms.

Aflatoxin M1 exposure in a fermented millet-based milk beverage ‘brukina’ and its cancer risk characterization in Greater Accra, Ghana

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Aflatoxin Biosynthesis, Genetic Regulation, Toxicity, and Control Strategies: A Review

TLDR
The status of research on characterizing structural and regulatory genes associated with AF production and their roles in aflatoxigenic fungi, particularly Aspergillus flavus and A. parasiticus is summarized and enhances the current understanding of AFs.

Nutrient-rich locusts serve as an ingredient for food production in China

As a major group of insects, locusts frequently cause agricultural damage, however, they have high economic value due to their rich nutritional content. In this paper, we systematically summarise the

Aflatoxins and kwashiorkor: a commentary on the association-causation conundrum.

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Aflatoxins and kwashiorkor. Epidemiology and clinical studies in Sudanese children and findings in autopsy liver samples from Nigeria and South Africa.

TLDR
Results show that aflatoxins occur more frequently and at higher concentrations in the sera of children with kwashiorkor than in children with marasmus or in normal children, and these findings seem to implicate a flatoxins in the pathogenesis of kwashimorkor.

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TLDR
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TLDR
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Aflatoxins in body fluids and food of Nigeria children with protein-energy malnutrition

TLDR
Aflatoxins are commonly detected in the body fluids and food of Nigerian children, but more frequently and at higher concentrations in children with PEM, possibly due to decreased excretion or increased exposure.

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TLDR
Autopsy kidney specimens from 24 children with kwashiorkor and 21 with other miscellaneous diseases, at the Obafemi Awolowo Teaching Hospital Complex, Ile-Ife, Nigeria, were analyzed for the presence of aflatoxins using high-performance liquid chromatography to demonstrate that a flatoxins can be detected in the kidneys of children exposed to aflatoxin.

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TLDR
It is indicated that maize seeds stored under various simulated seasonal conditions show a spectrum of fungi that appear as a succession, which coincides with the more frequent admission of children suffering from kwashiorkor at King Edward VIII Hospital in Durban.

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TLDR
The present findings suggest that the consumption of a staple food such as maize that is contaminated with the fungus Aspergillus flavus exposes susceptible kwashiorkor children to the metabolic hazards of aflatoxins, resulting in a greater risk of frequent infections.
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