Affirmative Action and the Quality-Fit Tradeoff

  title={Affirmative Action and the Quality-Fit Tradeoff},
  author={Peter S. Arcidiacono and Michael F. Lovenheim},
  journal={Labor: Human Capital eJournal},
This paper reviews the literature on affirmative action in undergraduate education and law schools, focusing in particular on the tradeoff between the quality of an institution and the fit between a school and a student. We first discuss the conditions under which affirmative action for under-represented minorities (URM) could help or harm their educational outcomes. We then provide descriptive evidence on the extent of affirmative action in law schools, as well as a review of the contentious… Expand
Affirmative Action in Undergraduate Education
The use of race in college admissions is one of the most contentious issues in US higher education. We survey the literature on the impact of racial preferences in college admissions on both minorityExpand
Affirmative Action Outcomes - Evidence from a Law School in Brazil
The main goal of affirmative action (AA) policies is to give opportunities otherwise nonexistent to minorities and underprivileged students. In this paper, I investigate whether the introduction ofExpand
Redistribution without distortion: evidence from an affirmative action program at a large Brazilian university
In this paper, we examine an innovative affirmative action policy designed to increase the representation of underprivileged students at UNICAMP, a large and highly ranked Brazilian university. TheExpand
Choice and Consequence: Assessing Mismatch at Chicago Exam Schools
The educational mismatch hypothesis asserts that students are hurt by affirmative action policies that place them in selective schools for which they wouldn't otherwise qualify. We evaluate mismatchExpand
Black Movement: Using discontinuities in admissions to study the effects of college quality and affirmative action
The recent adoption of race-targeted policies makes Brazil an insightful place to study affirmative action. In this paper, we estimate the effects of racial quotas at the University of Brasilia,Expand
State affirmative action bans and STEM degree completions
This paper investigates the effect of statewide affirmative action bans on minority STEM degree completions at US public four-year colleges. The number of minority students completing STEM degrees atExpand
The Effects of Affirmative Action Bans on Low-Income College Access and Upward Mobility
In recent years, many states in the U.S. have banned race-based affirmative action in college admissions. Public universities in these states have put more weight on socioeconomic factors, such asExpand
Affirmative Action and Women in Uganda’s Public University Education
This article examines how Affirmative Action was used to govern access to higher education for the disadvantaged. In 1991, a gender-based Affirmative Action policy was incorporated into collegeExpand
The effect of banning affirmative action on human capital accumulation prior to college entry
This paper examines how banning affirmative action in university admissions affects both overall academic achievement and the racial gap in academic achievement prior to college entry. Focusing onExpand
Essays in the Economics of Labor and Higher Education
Essays in the Economics of Labor and Higher Education Evan Riehl This dissertation examines the role of information in influencing both individuals’ college outcomes and the productivity of a higherExpand


Affirmative Action in Law School Admissions: What Do Racial Preferences Do?
The Supreme Court has held repeatedly that race-based preferences in public university admissions are constitutional. But debates over the wisdom of affirmative action continue. Opponents of theseExpand
Affirmative Action in Undergraduate Education
The use of race in college admissions is one of the most contentious issues in US higher education. We survey the literature on the impact of racial preferences in college admissions on both minorityExpand
Affirmative Action and Its Alternatives in Public Universities: What Do We Know?
University administrators have made difficult choices in response to the changing policy context for the use of affirmative action in admissions. This paper synthesizes the empirical literature onExpand
Diversity and Affirmative Action in Higher Education
We examine the practice of affirmative action and consequences of its proscription on the admission and tuition policies of institutions of higher education in a general equilibrium framework.Expand
Peer Effects in Affirmative Action: Evidence from Law Student Performance
In the Grutter case, Justice O'Connor suggested that universities could justifiably try to enroll a "critical mass" of minority students. Enroll fewer than that "critical mass," reason someExpand
Affirmative action, meritocracy, and efficiency
This article provides a framework for comparing meritocratic and affirmative action admissions policies. The context of the analysis is admissions to public universities; admission rules areExpand
Affirmative Action Bans and the “Chilling Effect”
This paper examines whether California's Proposition 209, which led to the 1998 ban on the use of racial preferences in admissions at the University of California (UC) system, lowered the value thatExpand
Assessing Affirmative Action
Although the debate over Affirmative Action is both high-profile and high-intensity, neither side's position is based on a well-established set of research findings. Economics provides an extensive,Expand
Affirmative Action and Human Capital Investment: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment
Pre-College human capital investment occurs within a competitive environment and depends on market incentives created by Affirmative Action (AA) in college admissions. These policies affectExpand
Pre-College Human Capital Investments and Affirmative Action: A Structural Policy Analysis of US College Admissions
We study a structural model of college admissions framed as a contest between a continuum of students for enrollment in a continuum of colleges where the contest outcome is decided by the students'Expand