Generation of Nanobodies against SlyD and development of tools to eliminate this bacterial contaminant from recombinant proteins.
New immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC) matrices containing a high concentration of metal-chelate moieties and completely coated with inert flexible and hydrophilic dextrans are here proposed to improve the purification of polyhistidine (poly-His) tagged proteins. The purification of an interesting recombinant multimeric enzyme (a thermoresistant beta-galactosidase from Thermus sp. strain T2) has been used to check the performance of these new chromatographic media. IMAC supports with a high concentration (and surface density) of metal chelate groups promote a rapid adsorption of poly-His tagged proteins during IMAC. However, these supports also favor the promotion of undesirable multi-punctual adsorptions and problems may arise for the simple and effective purification of poly-His tagged proteins: (a) more than 30% of the natural proteins contained in crude extracts from E. coli become adsorbed, in addition to our target recombinant protein, on these IMAC supports via multipoint weak adsorptions; (b) the multimeric poly-His tagged enzyme may become adsorbed via several poly-His tags belonging to different subunits. In this way, desorption of the pure enzyme from the support may become quite difficult (e.g., it is not fully desorbed from the support even using 200 mM of imidazole). The coating of these IMAC supports with dextrans greatly reduces these undesired multi-point adsorptions: (i) less than 2% of natural proteins contained in crude extracts are now adsorbed on these novel supports; and (ii) the target multimeric enzyme may be fully desorbed from the support using 60 mM imidazole. In spite of this dramatic reduction of multi-point interactions, this dextran coating hardly affects the rate of the one-point adsorption of poly-His tagged proteins (80% of the rate of adsorption compared to uncoated supports). Therefore, this dextran coating of chromatographic matrices seems to allow the formation of strong one-point adsorptions that involve small areas of the protein and support surface. However, the dextran coating seems to have dramatic effects for the prevention of weak or strong multipoint interactions that should involve a high geometrical congruence between the enzyme and the support surface.