Affective forecasting bias in preschool children.

  title={Affective forecasting bias in preschool children.},
  author={Shalini Gautam and Adam Bulley and William von Hippel and Thomas Suddendorf},
  journal={Journal of experimental child psychology},

Figures and Tables from this paper

‘Things aren't so bad!’: Preschoolers overpredict the emotional intensity of negative outcomes

Evidence for a 'negativity' but not a 'positivity' bias in children's predictions is obtained, and children overpredicted how badly they would feel after receiving one, versus, four stickers on the sticker task.

On the causes and interventions of affective forecasting bias

: Affective forecasting bias is a type of separation phenomenon between affective forecasting and affective experience. According to the literature from the past decade (2009~2019), the popular

Study of the Relationship Between Forecasting Strategies and Successful Socialization in Children with Visual Pathology

. The ability of children to interact with peers and adults according to generally accepted social norms and rules of behavior in society allows them to adapt to new social conditions. Children with

The Emergence of Episodic Foresight and Its Consequences

Imagining future events and adjusting current behavior accordingly is a hallmark of human cognition. The development of such episodic foresight is attracting increasing research attention. In this

Are patients accurate forecasters of their emotional response to medical conditions? A scoping review on affective forecasting

It is found that patients generally tend to systematically exaggerate both anticipated happiness and sorrow/grief after health improvement and deterioration, respectively.

Socialization and Predictive Capability at a Preschool Age: Correlation Points

The article presents an overview of studies concerning the issue of socialization of preschoolers with developmental disorders and analyzes the role of predictive capability in this process. The

Young Children From Three Diverse Cultures Spontaneously and Consistently Prepare for Alternative Future Possibilities.

The overall results indicate that children across these communities become able to prepare for alternative futures during early childhood, and this acquisition period is therefore not contingent on Western upbringing, and may instead indicate normal cognitive maturation.

Projection in Education: Conditions for the Sustainable Development of Vietnamese Education

Projection in education is one of the important bases for the implementation of the sustainable and crucial strategies to ensure the development of national education, including Vietnam. As a country



Intensity Bias in Affective Forecasting: The Role of Temporal Focus

In five studies, university students predicted their affective reactions to a wide variety of positive and negative future events. In Studies 1 to 3, participants also reported the affective

Affective forecasting: Why can't people predict their emotions?

Two studies explore the frequently reported finding that affective forecasts are too extreme. In the first study, driving test candidates forecast the emotional consequences of failing. Test failers

The impact bias is alive and well.

It is suggested that Levine et al. (2012) failed to review or include in their meta-analysis many studies that directly contradict their claim, used a faulty classification scheme, collapsed across conditions that were meant to produce opposing effects, and miscoded some of the studies they did include.

Cognitive determinants of affective forecasting errors.

Examination of individual differences and contextual variables associated with cognitive processing in affective forecasting for an election showed that the perceived importance of the event and working memory capacity were both associated with an increased impact bias for some participants, whereas retrieval interference had no relationship with bias.

Affective forecasting and self-rated symptoms of depression, anxiety, and hypomania: Evidence for a dysphoric forecasting bias

Evidence for a dysphoric forecasting bias is found—the tendency of individuals in dysphoric states to overpredict negative emotional reactions to future events and has implications for affective forecasting studies examining information-processing constructs, decision making, and broader domains of psychopathology.

Focalism: a source of durability bias in affective forecasting.

Evidence for a distraction interpretation is found, that people who think about future events moderate their forecasts because they believe that these events will reduce thinking about the focal event.

Immune neglect: a source of durability bias in affective forecasting.

The present experiments suggest that people neglect the psychological immune system when making affective forecasts.

Affective Forecasting

People base many decisions on affective forecasts, predictions about their emotional reactions to future events. They often display an impact bias, overestimating the intensity and duration of their