Affective discrimination of stimuli that are not recognized: II. Effect of delay between study and test

@article{Seamon1983AffectiveDO,
  title={Affective discrimination of stimuli that are not recognized: II. Effect of delay between study and test},
  author={John G. Seamon and Nathan Brody and David M. Kauff},
  journal={Bulletin of the psychonomic society},
  year={1983},
  volume={21},
  pages={187-189}
}
This study found that repeated exposure to briefly presented stimuli increased positive affect through familiarity without enhancing recognition of the stimuli. Following exposure, subjects selected previously shown target stimuli on the basis of affect in the absence of stimulus recognition. Interpreted in terms of the manner in which information can be accessed in long-term storage, this study extends earlier research by showing that the ability to select target stimuli by affect can occur… 

Critical importance of exposure duration for affective discrimination of stimuli that are not recognized.

This parametric study has specified the relationship between exposure duration and affect and recognition judgments and has located that temporal window.

Recognition memory and the mere exposure effect.

  • J. BrooksM. Watkins
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition
  • 1989
An attempt was made to replicate findings taken as evidence that liking is used as a basis for inferring prior exposure and thus for making recognition decisions, but this claim was not supported and statistical analyses suggested that if liking and recognition were causally related, recognition mediated liking rather than the other way around.

Some Observations upon Perceptual Organization and the Mere Exposure Effect

  • M. Todman
  • Psychology
    Perceptual and motor skills
  • 1989
An experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that at least one preattentive/preconscious product, figure-ground organization, is shared between the processes responsible for preference enhancement and those responsible for the enhancement of recognition memory.

SOME OBSERVATIONS UPON PERCEPTUAL ORGANIZATION AND THE MERE EXPOSURE EFFECT

Summary.-The mere repetition of events tends to enhance subjective familiarity and subjective preference for those events. It has been shown that the enhancement of subjective preference is neither

Eliminating the mere exposure effect through changes in context between exposure and test

The study suggests that the context of exposure and test moderates the mere exposure effect, which is dependent on experiencing the stimuli in the same context in exposure and on test.

Stimulus recognition and the mere exposure effect.

A meta-analysis of research on Zajonc's (1968) mere exposure effect indicated that stimuli perceived without awareness produce substantially larger exposure effects than do stimuli that are

Experimental dissociations between memory measures: Influence of retrieval strategies

Implicit /explicit memory versus analytic/nonanalytic processing: Rethinking the mere exposure effect

It is suggested that when study opportunities are minimal and test items are perceptually similar, people adopt an analytic approach, attempting to recognize distinctive features, but that that strategy fails because rapid presentation prevents effective encoding of such features; it also prevents people from experiencing fluency and a consequent feeling of familiarity.

The Mere Exposure Effect Is Differentially Sensitive to Different Judgment Tasks

Results are inconsistent with general predictions made by the nonspecific activation hypothesis, but not the affective primacy or perceptual fluency hypotheses which were discussed in terms of cognitive neuroscience research.

The Attribution and Discounting of Perceptual Fluency: Preliminary Tests of a Perceptual Fluency/Attributional Model of the Mere Exposure Effect

Bornstein and D'Agostino (1990, 1992) hypothesized that the mere exposure effect results from a combination of two processes. First, an increase in perceptual fluency is induced by repeated exposure
...

References

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Results from contingency probability analyses and data from replicated and extended the finding that mere exposure to a briefly presented stimulus can increase positive affect through familiarity without enhancing the recognition of that stimulus indicate that affect and recognition judgments are different.

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Results from contingency probability analyses and data from replicated and extended the finding that mere exposure to a briefly presented stimulus can increase positive affect through familiarity without enhancing the recognition of that stimulus indicate that affect and recognition judgments are different.

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Experimental evidence is presented that these preferences can develop even when the exposures are so degraded that recognition is precluded and animal and human subjects readily develop strong preferences for objects that have become familiar through repeated exposures.