Affective and deliberative processes in risky choice: age differences in risk taking in the Columbia Card Task.

@article{Figner2009AffectiveAD,
  title={Affective and deliberative processes in risky choice: age differences in risk taking in the Columbia Card Task.},
  author={Bernd Figner and Rachael J. Mackinlay and Friedrich Wilkening and Elke U. Weber},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition},
  year={2009},
  volume={35 3},
  pages={
          709-30
        }
}
The authors investigated risk taking and underlying information use in 13- to 16- and 17- to 19-year-old adolescents and in adults in 4 experiments, using a novel dynamic risk-taking task, the Columbia Card Task (CCT). The authors investigated risk taking under differential involvement of affective versus deliberative processes with 2 versions of the CCT, constituting the most direct test of a dual-system explanation of adolescent risk taking in the literature so far. The "hot" CCT was designed… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Information use in risky decision making: Do age differences depend on affective context?

It is found that low performance on measures of executive functioning, but not general mental ability, appears to be a risk factor for lower information use, and common underlying decision processes may operate in risk tasks deemed either affective or deliberative.

Assessing Affective and Deliberative Decision-Making: Adaptation of the Columbia Card Task to Brazilian Portuguese

The Brazilian CCT performs well and is a versatile method for the assessment of affective and deliberative decision-making under risk according to different feedback manipulation scenarios.

Emotion regulation and risk taking: Predicting risky choice in deliberative decision making

The results show that habitual use of reappraisal and suppression strategies predict risk taking when decisions involve predominantly cognitive-deliberative processes.

Deliberative and Affective Risky Decisions in Teenagers: Different Associations with Maladaptive Psychological Functioning and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation?

Using network analysis, we investigated the relationships between maladaptive psychological functioning, difficulties in emotion regulation, and risk-taking in deliberative and affective behavioral

Deliberative and Affective Risky Decisions in Teenagers: Different Associations with Maladaptive Psychological Functioning and Difficulties in Emotion Regulation?

Using network analysis, we investigated the relationships between maladaptive psychological functioning, difficulties in emotion regulation, and risk-taking in deliberative and affective behavioral

Adolescent risk-taking is predicted by individual differences in cognitive control over emotional, but not non-emotional, response conflict

Examination of individual differences in self-control in the face of affective and non-affective response conflict examined whether differences in the functioning of cognitive control processes under these different conditions was related to risk taking.

Individual Differences in Risky Decision Making: A Meta‐analysis of Sensation Seeking and Impulsivity with the Balloon Analogue Risk Task

SUMMARY To represent the state-of-the-art in an effort to understand the relation between personality and risk taking, we selected a popular decision task with characteristics that parallel risk

Are Mid-Adolescents Prone to Risky Decisions? The Influence of Task Setting and Individual Differences in Temperament

Examining risk-taking behavior in four task settings, the Treasure Hunting Task in a gain and a loss domain, the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART), and the STOPLIGHT task, revealed that risk- Taking behavior is only low to moderately correlated between the four task contexts, suggesting that they capture different aspects of risk- taking behavior.

The difficulty of predicting risky decisions

Affect and feelings states influences decision-making and risk-taking, however is it not clear yet how. This report presents a between-subject experiment on the two mechanisms, affective evaluation

Decision-Making Under Risk and Uncertainty by Substance Abusers and Healthy Controls

Cognitive impairment characterized by high impulsivity and risk-taking has been correlated with substance-related disorders. However, it is unclear if the decision-making process is well known upon
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 93 REFERENCES

Peer influence on risk taking, risk preference, and risky decision making in adolescence and adulthood: an experimental study.

The idea that adolescents are more inclined toward risky behavior and risky decision making than are adults and that peer influence plays an important role in explaining risky behavior during adolescence is supported.

Neuropsychological correlates of decision-making in ambiguous and risky situations

Older adults as adaptive decision makers: evidence from the Iowa Gambling Task.

Older adults process emotional information differently than younger adults and may demonstrate less of a negativity bias on cognitive tasks and may give insight into differences in the decision-making strategies in younger and older adults.

Risk Taking in Adolescence: What Changes, and Why?

  • L. Steinberg
  • Psychology
    Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
  • 2004
The present analysis suggests that the greater propensity of adolescents to take risks is not due to age differences in risk perception or appraisal, but to age Differences in psychosocial factors that influence self‐regulation.

Age-related differences in adaptive decision making: Sensitivity to expected value in risky choice

While previous research has found that children make more risky decisions than their parents, little is known about the developmental trajectory for the ability to make advantageous decisions. In a

Decision making, impulse control and loss of willpower to resist drugs: a neurocognitive perspective

  • A. Bechara
  • Psychology, Biology
    Nature Neuroscience
  • 2005
Here I argue that addicted people become unable to make drug-use choices on the basis of long-term outcome, and I propose a neural framework that explains this myopia for future consequences. I

Risk as Feelings

It is shown that emotional reactions to risky situations often diverge from cognitive assessments of those risks, and when such divergence occurs, emotional reactions often drive behavior.
...