Affect grid : A single-item scale of pleasure and arousal

@article{Russell1989AffectG,
  title={Affect grid : A single-item scale of pleasure and arousal},
  author={James A. Russell and Anna Fiona Weiss and Gerald A. Mendelsohn},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  year={1989},
  volume={57},
  pages={493-502}
}
This article introduces a single-item scale, the Affect Grid, designed as a quick means of assessing affect along the dimensions of pleasure-displeasure and arousal-sleepiness. The Affect Grid is potentially suitable for any study that requires judgments about affect of either a descriptive or a subjective kind. The scale was shown to have adequate reliability, convergent validity, and discriminant validity in 4 studies in which college students used the Affect Grid to describe (a) their… 

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