Affect and control: A conceptual clarification.

  title={Affect and control: A conceptual clarification.},
  author={Bernhard Hommel},
  journal={International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology},
  • B. Hommel
  • Published 27 July 2019
  • Psychology
  • International journal of psychophysiology : official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology

No one knows what attention is

It is concluded that what would serve scientific progress best would be to drop the term “attention” as a label for a specific functional or neural system and instead focus on behaviorally relevant selection processes and the many systems that implement them.

Using the theory of constructed emotion to inform the study of cognition-emotion interactions.

In this article I suggest how theories of emotion construction may inform the study of cognition-emotion interactions. To do so, I adopt the two main concepts core affect and emotions as categories:


Commonsense and theorizing about action control agree in assuming that human behavior is (mainly) driven by goals, but no mechanistic theory of what goals are, where they come from, and how they

GOALIATH: a theory of goal-directed behavior

  • B. Hommel
  • Psychology
    Psychological research
  • 2021
A theory based on the assumption that GOALs guide Intentional Actions THrough criteria (GOALIATH), which holds that goal-directed behavior is guided by selection criteria that activate and create competition between event files that contain action-effect codes matching one or more of the criteria.

TIME FOR ACTION: REACHING FOR A BETTER UNDERSTANDING OF THE DYNAMICS OF COGNITION Bringing action into the picture. How action influences visual awareness

It is proposed that action affects visual awareness for the following reasons: it serves as additional information in the process of evidence accumulation, and it restricts the number of alternatives in the decisional process.

The Me-File: An Event-Coding Approach to Self-Representation

  • B. Hommel
  • Psychology
    Frontiers in Psychology
  • 2021
It is proposed that people represent themselves not any differently from how they represent other individuals, events, and objects: by binding codes representing the sensory consequences of being oneself into a Me-File, that is, into an event file integrating all the codes resulting from the behaving me.

Vagal signaling and the somatic marker hypothesis: The effect of transcutaneous vagal nerve stimulation on delay discounting is modulated by positive mood.

The exploration-exploitation trade-off in a foraging task is affected by mood-related arousal and valence

The results imply that the relationship between exploration-exploitation and flexibility-persistence is more complicated than the semantic overlap between these terms might suggest, thereby calling for further research on the functional, neural, and neurochemical underpinnings of both trade-offs.

The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on Body Image Flexibility and Affect Control in Women with Binge Eating Disorder

This paper presents a meta-analysis of 124 cases of reinforcement learning and its applications in the context of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and shows clear patterns in the treatment of depression and its consequences.

The Metaverse or Meta-Awareness?

The rapid development of technology around the world and the metaverse, which is promoted as an enhanced digital world of freedom, is expected to have positive and negative effects on humanity in



Consciousness and Control Not Identical Twins

Human cognition and action are intentional and goal-directed, and explaining how they are controlled is one of the most important tasks of the cognitive sciences. After half a century of benign

Emotional foundations of cognitive control

Conflicts as Aversive Signals for Control Adaptation

It is suggested that it is the subjective aversive conflict experience that originally motivates control adaptations and offers new perspectives for investigating and understanding intra- and interindividual differences in the regulation of cognitive control.

Unconscious emotion: A cognitive neuroscientific perspective

Conflict monitoring and decision making: Reconciling two perspectives on anterior cingulate function

  • M. Botvinick
  • Biology
    Cognitive, affective & behavioral neuroscience
  • 2007
Juxtaposing the conflict-monitoring and decision-making accounts suggests an extension of the Conflict-Monitoring theory, by which conflict would act as a teaching signal driving a form of avoidance learning, to bias behavioral decision making toward cognitively efficient tasks and strategies.

Metacognition and cognitive control: behavioural adaptation requires conflict experience

Results showed that the metacognitive experience of conflict can trigger a Gratton effect, however a conflict label, either generated by the participants themselves or presented to the participants via feedback was not able to induce cognitive control.

The Many Meanings/Aspects of Emotion: Definitions, Functions, Activation, and Regulation

Many psychological scientists and behavioral neuroscientists affirm that “emotion” influences thinking, decision-making, actions, social relationships, well-being, and physical and mental health. Yet

Unconscious Emotion

Evidence that positive and negative reactions can be elicited subliminally and remain inaccessible to introspection is described, suggesting that processes underlying conscious feelings can become decoupled from processes underlying emotional reactions, resulting in genuinely unconscious emotion.

What is an unconscious emotion?(The case for unconscious "liking")

Evidence that positive and negative affective reactions can be elicited subliminally, while a person is completely unaware of any affective reaction at all is presented, suggesting that unconscious "liking" is mediated by specific subcortical brain systems, such as the nucleus accumbens and its connections.

Conflict monitoring and cognitive control.

Two computational modeling studies are reported, serving to articulate the conflict monitoring hypothesis and examine its implications, including a feedback loop connecting conflict monitoring to cognitive control, and a number of important behavioral phenomena.