Aesthetic maxillo-facial surgery: face lifting and S.M.A.S.


The article illustrates the importance of face lifting and S.M.A.S. tightening as an adjunct to the aesthetic aspect of maxillo facial surgery, for instance in combination with extreme mandibular set back or advancement in adults. The theory and basic techniques of the face lifting procedure and the S.M.A.S. tightening technique are described. A clinical… (More)


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@article{Smith1992AestheticMS, title={Aesthetic maxillo-facial surgery: face lifting and S.M.A.S.}, author={R. G. Smith and L L M Cesteleyn and J E Hupp}, journal={Acta stomatologica Belgica}, year={1992}, volume={89 1}, pages={15-36} }