Aerosol indirect effects from shipping emissions : sensitivity studies with the global aerosol-climate model ECHAM-HAM

Abstract

In this study, we employ the global aerosol-climate model ECHAM-HAM to globally assess aerosol indirect effects (AIEs) resulting from shipping emissions of aerosols and aerosol precursor gases. We implement shipping emissions of sulphur dioxide (SO2), black carbon (BC) and particulate organic matter (POM) for the year 2000 into the model and quantify the… (More)

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