Aerodynamic corrections for the flight of birds and bats in wind tunnels

@inproceedings{Rayner1994AerodynamicCF,
  title={Aerodynamic corrections for the flight of birds and bats in wind tunnels},
  author={Jeremy M. V. Rayner},
  year={1994}
}
Few wind tunnel studies of animal flight have controlled or corrected for distortions to behaviour, physiology or flight aerodynamics representing the difference between flight in the tunnel and flight in free air. Aerodynamic correction factors are derived based on lifting-line theory and the method of images for an animal flying freely within closed- and open-section wind tunnels; the method is very similar to that used to model flight in ground effect, and as in ground effect the corrections… CONTINUE READING

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