Adverse influence of social facilitation and learning context in training cattle to avoid eating larkspur.

@article{Ralphs1990AdverseIO,
  title={Adverse influence of social facilitation and learning context in training cattle to avoid eating larkspur.},
  author={M. Ralphs and J. D. Olsen},
  journal={Journal of animal science},
  year={1990},
  volume={68 7},
  pages={
          1944-52
        }
}
Through conditioned food aversion learning, livestock can be trained to avoid eating harmful plants. The objectives of this study were to determine whether social facilitation will extinguish an aversion to larkspur (a poisonous plant on mountain rangelands) and to determine whether the aversion can be reinforced to withstand social facilitation in a group-feeding and field-grazing situation. Two groups of heifers offered fresh larkspur were simultaneously infused intraruminally with lithium… Expand
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The capacity of social interactions to ameliorate food aversions suggests that social influences are a major determinant of diet selection in sheep. Expand
Persistence of aversions to larkspur in naive and native cattle.
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References

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Conditioned Taste Aversion: Potential for Reducing Cattle Loss to Larkspur
TLDR
The objective of the study was to determine whether or not cattle could be conditioned to avoid eating larkspur, and a rapid breakdown of the aversions was observed and the averted heifers continued consuming larkpur after being separated from non-averted heIFers. Expand
Food Aversion Learning in Lambs with or without a Mother: Discrimination, Novelty and Persistence
TLDR
That sheep learned about the consequences of ingesting foods and that they remembered for at least 60 days is evidence that diet selection can be manipulated, and it will be feasible to train sheep to avoid foods such as poisonous plants. Expand
Predation Control Using Conditioned Food Aversion Methodology: Theory, Practice, and Implications
TLDR
This paper reports several single case observations that lead to suggest conditioned taste aversions are expressed differently in the context of social and ecological diversity than in the restricted setting of the laboratory. Expand
Development of Dietary Choice in Livestock on Rangelands and its Implications for Management
TLDR
Diet training may enable managers to create a foraging group more suited to management goals and additional research is needed to determine how age at which exposure occurs, as well as how duration, intensity, variability and complexity of exposure early in life affect dietary habits of adults. Expand
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TLDR
It was suggested that previously reported differences between interoceptive and exteroceptive conditioning effects may have been influenced by the differential novelty of the two classes of stimuli in the test situation. Expand
Stimulus Characteristics in Food Aversion Learning
One of the more intriguing issues in contemporary learning theory is the idea that stimuli are not equally associable. This idea, that some associations are more easily formed than others, has beenExpand
Novelty of contextual cues in taste aversion learning
The purpose of this experiment was to test the theory of Lubow, Rifkin, and Alek (1976) concerning the effects of stimulus preexposure on later learning. This hypothesis predicts that conditioningExpand
Biological Significance of Food Aversion Learning
An appropriate subtitle for this chapter might be “De gustibus (sometimes) est disputandum.” Several years ago, Rozin and Kalat (1971) and Shettleworth (1972) used food aversion learning as theExpand
Reductions in resistance to extinction and spontaneous recovery as a function of changes in transportational and contextual stimuli
Thirty rats received 10 sessions of baseline training in which leverpressing was reinforced according to a variable-interval (VI) 60-sec schedule. Twenty-four of the subjects were then assigned toExpand
Cattle grazing tall larkspur on Utah mountain rangeland.
TLDR
C8ttle gmzed most efficiently (bite ntetiep rite) in the gr8ss-forh ue8s, urd lcllst effkiently in the curr8nt ueas with no de8thr, probrbly due to the low alkaloid levels in the trll lukspur. Expand
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