• Corpus ID: 55182461

Advantages and disadvantages with outdoor hutches as housing system for calves and their future effect on the replacement heifer

  title={Advantages and disadvantages with outdoor hutches as housing system for calves and their future effect on the replacement heifer},
  author={Anna Lundell},
This study has investigated how outdoor hutches for housing dairy heifer calves will have negative and positive effects on calf development. Many studies have shown that an optimal rearing of the young calf is of great importance to up bring a profitable dairy cow. The dairy calf and growing heifer is subject for a great scientific interest. Within its first days the young animal will be separated from the dam. Then during a few months it will be kept individually or collectively with… 

Figures from this paper

A comparison of indoor and outdoor calf housing systems using automated and manual feeding methods and their effect on calf health, behavior, growth, and labor
Abstract Housing and feeding are integral to calf rearing, and must meet calf needs while remaining functional for the farmer. This study compared health, behavior, growth, and labor requirements of


Advances in Nutrition and Management of Calves and Heifers
Abstract Strides have been significant in the knowledge of calf and heifer rearing during the last 25 yr. Much information has been gathered on digestive enzymes, development of the digestive
Housing, Feeding and Management of Calves and Replacement Heifers in Swedish Dairy Herds
Age was the single most common criteria used for deciding both weaning and breeding time, and the most common diet for replacement heifers before calving was a combination of grain, hay and silage.
Outdoor Individual Portable Pens Compared with Conventional Housing for Raising Dairy Calves
The growth response of calves that were fed rumen fluid did not differ significantly from that of uninoculated calves, and the portable pen calves showed no more susceptibility to coccidia and worm parasites than the calves from the barn and continued to maintain their superior weights.
Optimizing weaning strategies of dairy replacement calves.
It is concluded that moving calves from individual hutches to groups of calves in superhutches immediately after weaning is preferable to waiting an additional 6d and starting to reduce MR offering once grouped.
A prospective study of calf factors affecting first-lactation and lifetime milk production and age of cows when removed from the herd.
This study concluded that delivery score, weaning dry matter intake, days of illness before 4 mo, days treated before 4Mo, and body weight at first calving all had significant effects on first-lactation production of Holsteins.
Effects of Housing and Colostrum Feeding on Serum Immunoglobulins, Growth, and Fecal Scores of Jersey Calves1
Optimal transfer of passive immunity and housing in hutches appeared to maximize health and growth in Jersey calves in this study.
The development, nutrition, and management of the young calf
This volume examines the raising of dairy calves, giving an account of all aspects of calf rearing from the rudiments of anatomy and development through the practicalities of feeding and housing to the period of transition from preruminant to ruminant digestion.
The effect of early calfhood health status on survivorship and age at first calving.
Survival to maturity and age at first calving were studied in heifer calves from 34 randomly selected Holstein dairy farms in southwestern Ontario and heifers which had been treated for pneumonia during the first three months of life.
Comparisons of housing, bedding, and cooling options for dairy calves.
Holstein calves initially 2 to 5 d of age were managed in poly hutches or wire mesh pens in a curtain-sided nursery with no supplemental heat, and housing, bedding, and summer cooling were management options evaluated.
Indoor versus Outdoor Calf Rearing at Three Weaning Ages
Holstein calves were randomly allotted to two housing systems (inside and outside) and three weaning ages (3, 5, and 7 weeks) within each housing system and three housing systems had no effect on the incidence of scours or pneumonia.