Advances in the conceptualization and measurement of religion and spirituality. Implications for physical and mental health research.

@article{Hill2003AdvancesIT,
  title={Advances in the conceptualization and measurement of religion and spirituality. Implications for physical and mental health research.},
  author={Peter C. Hill and Kenneth I. Pargament},
  journal={The American psychologist},
  year={2003},
  volume={58 1},
  pages={
          64-74
        }
}
Empirical studies have identified significant links between religion and spirituality and health. The reasons for these associations, however, are unclear. Typically, religion and spirituality have been measured by global indices (e.g., frequency of church attendance, self-rated religiousness and spirituality) that do not specify how or why religion and spirituality affect health. The authors highlight recent advances in the delineation of religion and spirituality concepts and measures… 

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