Advances in genetic engineering of the avian genome: “Realising the promise”

Abstract

This review provides an historic perspective of the key steps from those reported at the 1st Transgenic Animal Research Conference in 1997 through to the very latest developments in avian transgenesis. Eighteen years later, on the occasion of the 10th conference in this series, we have seen breakthrough advances in the use of viral vectors and transposons to transform the germline via the direct manipulation of the chicken embryo, through to the establishment of PGC cultures allowing in vitro modification, expansion into populations to analyse the genetic modifications and then injection of these cells into embryos to create germline chimeras. We have now reached an unprecedented time in the history of chicken transgenic research where we have the technology to introduce precise, targeted modifications into the chicken genome, ranging from; new transgenes that provide improved phenotypes such as increased resilience to economically important diseases; the targeted disruption of immunoglobulin genes and replacement with human sequences to generate transgenic chickens that express “humanised” antibodies for biopharming; and the deletion of specific nucleotides to generate targeted gene knockout chickens for functional genomics. The impact of these advances is set to be realised through applications in chickens, and other bird species as models in scientific research, for novel biotechnology and to protect and improve agricultural productivity.

DOI: 10.1007/s11248-016-9926-8

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Cite this paper

@article{Doran2016AdvancesIG, title={Advances in genetic engineering of the avian genome: “Realising the promise”}, author={Timothy J. Doran and Caitlin A Cooper and Kristie A. Jenkins and Mark V. L. Tizard}, journal={Transgenic Research}, year={2016}, volume={25}, pages={307-319} }