Advances in development reverse fertility declines

  title={Advances in development reverse fertility declines},
  author={Mikko Myrskyl{\"a} and Hans-Peter Kohler and Francesco C. Billari},
During the twentieth century, the global population has gone through unprecedented increases in economic and social development that coincided with substantial declines in human fertility and population growth rates. The negative association of fertility with economic and social development has therefore become one of the most solidly established and generally accepted empirical regularities in the social sciences. As a result of this close connection between development and fertility decline… Expand

Paper Mentions

Observational Clinical Trial
Fundamental aspects of reproductive function are established in fetal life and there is a present increased awareness of the potential effects of fetal exposures on reproductive… Expand
ConditionsAnalgesic Adverse Reaction, Gonad Regulating Hormone Adverse Reaction
Human Development and the Fertility Reversal: A Spatially Centered Sub-national Examination in the US
Recent research has highlighted a profound reversal in the well-documented relationship between increasing development and falling fertility at a global scale. This reversal shows that the totalExpand
High Development and Fertility: Fertility at Older Reproductive Ages and Gender Equality Explain the Positive Link
A fundamental reversal of the traditional fertility-development relationship has occurred in highly developed countries so that further socioeconomic development is no longer associated withExpand
Why fertility has been declining in Finland after the Global Recession?
A steady improvement in the economy and employment since 2010 did not stop the drop in total fertility rate in Finland. Declining fertility now includes women in almost all age and educational groupsExpand
Looking for a J-shaped development-fertility relationship: Do advances in development really reverse fertility declines?
In their article published in the “Nature” journal, Myrskyla et al. (2009) claimed that in highly developed countries development-fertility relationship becomes J-shaped. This means that furtherExpand
On the Relationship between Fertility, Development and Gender Equality: A Comparison of Western and MENA Countries
The changing macro-level relationship between fertility and development (i.e., the standard of living, health and education) from negative to positive for the most advanced economies has receivedExpand
  • T. Sobotka
  • Medicine, Economics
  • Journal of Biosocial Science
  • 2017
Fertility trends and variation in countries that completed the transition from high to around-replacement fertility in the 1950s to 1980s are discussed, especially in Europe, East Asia and North America, and the key relevant findings for those countries with a more recent experience of fertility decline towards replacement level are summarized. Expand
Post-Transitional Fertility: Childbearing Postponement and the Shift to Low and Unstable Fertility Levels
  • T. Sobotka
  • Economics
  • Institut für Demographie - VID
  • 2021
This study discusses fertility trends and variation in countries that have completed the transition from high to around-replacement fertility in the 1950s-1980s—especially in Europe, East Asia andExpand
Below Replacement-Level Fertility in Conditions of Slow Social and Economic Development: A Review of the Evidence
interest in the explanations of the first fertility transition has receded considerably during the last decade. Despite the empirical evidence of global convergence in fertility, there is still noExpand
Estimating the Negative Influences on Fertility. A Case Study-Romania☆
Abstract The fertility defines the population size for each country, which influences the workforce in the country concerned. This study is valuable in order to achieve the assumption for economicExpand
Below Replacement-Level Fertility in Conditions of slow Social and Economic Development: A Review of the Evidence from South-India
Demographic interest in the explanations of the first fertility transition has receded considerably during the last decade. Despite the empirical evidence of global convergence in fertility, there isExpand


Social interactions and contemporary fertility transitions.
This analysis of fertility transition is conducted among 69 developing countries during 1960-90. It is argued that the relationship between socioeconomic development and the timing and pace ofExpand
The Emergence of Lowest‐Low Fertility in Europe During the 1990s
Lowest‐low fertility, defined as a period total fertility rate at or below 1.3, has rapidly spread in Europe during the 1990s. This article traces the emergence of this new phenomenon to theExpand
Is lowest-low fertility in Europe explained by the postponement of childbearing?
In 2001, more than half of Europe's population lived in countries with a total fertility rate (TFR) at or below 1.3. Use of the adjusted TFR proposed by Bongaarts and Feeney, which takes into accountExpand
Patterns of low and lowest-low fertility in Europe
The analyses show that the cross-country correlations in Europe between total fertility and the total first marriage rate, the proportion of extramarital births, and the labour force participation of women reversed during the period from 1975 to 1999. Expand
On the quantum and tempo of fertility.
ESTIMATES OF FERTILITY are among the most widely used demographic statistics. In many developing countries recent levels and trends in fertility are avidly watched by policymakers, family planningExpand
The Demographic Transition: Three Centuries of Fundamental Change
Before the start of the demographic transition, life was short, births were many, growth was slow and the population was young. During the transition, e rst mortality and then fertility declined,Expand
Fertility Below Replacement Level
The figure shows the magnitude of the transformation in human reproduction, plotting the cumulative global population according to fertility level in 2003, along with the comparable lines for 25 and 50 years ago. Expand
Gender Equity in Theories of Fertility Transition
Recent theoretical discussion has postulated that low fertility in advanced countries is attributable to low levels of gender equity. Low gender equity is evidenced in the lack of support for womenExpand
Theories of fertility decline and the evidence from development indicators.
Some scholars have however questioned the empirical accuracy or theoretical implications of the three propositions. Hirschman and Mason (1997) for instance raise doubts about Proposition 2 althoughExpand
Lowest-low fertility in Korea and Japan.
In the 1990s many countries in Southern Central and Eastern Europe as well as the former Soviet Union started showing lowest low fertility defined as having TFR of 1.3 or less. In Eastern Asia theExpand