Advances in applied microbiology, vol. 1. edited by W. W. Umbreit

Abstract

Advances in Applied Microbiology is a new book periodical. In the preface, W. W. Umbreit states that the aim of this new series is to publish cIitical and informative surveys on work in individual branches of practical microbiology, so as to fill in the gap left by other reviews, which are of a predominantly theoretical character and in which the majority of the papers are not discussed from the aspect of their practical significance. The first volume, published in 1959, undoubtedly fulfils its promise. It contains a number of informative and critical surveys dealing with different practical aspects of certain branches of microbiology. An article by IV[. Herold and J. Ne6s (Institute of Antibiotics, Roztoky, near Prague) discusses the problem of using additions of antibiotics in different fermentation processes to protect their sterility. A. L. Demain (Merck, Sharp and Dohme Research Laboratories, Rahway, N.J .) deals with the problem of the biosynthesis of penicillin, with special reference to the precursors of the ~-lactamthiazolidine nucleus. W. D. Bellamy (General Electric Research Laboratory, Schenectady, N.Y.) reviews questions related to the preservation of foodstuffs and some raw materials by means of ionizing radiation and also gives an economic analysis. The present state of the use of antibiotics in plant protection and associated problems are discussed by D. Pramer (Department of Agricultural Microbiology, I~utgers University, New Brunswick, N.J.). An article by D. Perlman (Squibb Institute for Medical Research, New Brunswick, N.J.) covers questions associated with bacterial synthesis of cobamides and discusses analytic methods and processes of biosynthesis of natural and unnatural cobamides. Factors affecting the antibacterial activity of phenols (influence of the pH, temperature, oxygen tension, the size of the bacterial population, the problem of the formation of resistance of microorganisms to phenols, bacterial oxidation of phenols, etc.) are discussed in a review by E. O. Bennett (Department of Biology, University of Houston, Texas). A. W. Phillips and J. E. Smith (Biological and Food Research Laboratories, Department of Bacteriology and Botany, Syracuse University, N. Y.) deal with the question of how to obtain and use experimental animals which have been freed from microorganisms, while S. R. Dutky (Insect Pathology Laboratory, United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Beltsville, Md.) discusses questions of insect pathology which are of direct significance in the biological fight against insects (including diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, protozoa, rickettsiae, viruses, etc.). The last two articles are of considerable importance for industrial microbiology. A review by S. Kinoshita (Tokyo Research Laboratory, Kyowa Fermentation Industry Co. Ltd., Tokyo, Japan) discusses the problem of the fermentation production of amino acids, with special reference to the production of glutamic acid, lysine and ornithine. P. Gerhardt and M. C. Bartlett deal with the question of the industrial uses of continuous fermentation processes, with reference to theoretical factors (mathematical formulae, classification of continuous processes, etc.) and to practical factors (methods of adding nutrient media, the stability of continuous fermentation systems, the effect of undesirable organisms, the use of mixed cultures, etc.). The last review, by R. F. Robinson and R. S. Davidson (Battelle Memorial Institute, Columbus, Ohio) discusses problems related to the large scale cultivation of higher fungi, including submerse processes, and the problem of the study of higher

DOI: 10.1007/BF02869603
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@article{Muslek2008AdvancesIA, title={Advances in applied microbiology, vol. 1. edited by W. W. Umbreit}, author={Vladim{\'i}r Mus{\'i}lek}, journal={Folia Microbiologica}, year={2008}, volume={6}, pages={73-74} }