Advances in Understanding the Pathophysiology of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.

@article{Komaroff2019AdvancesIU,
  title={Advances in Understanding the Pathophysiology of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome.},
  author={Anthony L. Komaroff},
  journal={JAMA},
  year={2019}
}
When does an illness become a disease? When the underlying biological abnormalities that cause the symptoms and signs of the illness are clarified. The illness now called myalgic encephalomyelitis/ chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) was first described in the mid-1980s. At that time, nothing was known about its underlying biology. Indeed, because many standard laboratory test results were normal, some clinicians explained to patients that “there is nothing wrong.” There was, of course, an… 

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TLDR
A pathophysiological approach to understanding the essential concepts of ME/CFS is presented, with an emphasis on the population, clinical, and genetic concepts associated with ME/ CFS.

How Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) Progresses: The Natural History of ME/CFS

We propose a framework for understanding and interpreting the pathophysiology of Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (ME/CFS) that considers wider determinants of health and long-term

Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: Essentials of Diagnosis and Management.

Neuroimaging characteristics of myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS): a systematic review

TLDR
The frequent observation of additional brain area recruitment and consistent observation of sluggish fMRI signal response suggest abnormal neurovascular coupling in ME/CFS.

Perspective: Drawing on Findings From Critical Illness to Explain Myalgic Encephalomyelitis/Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

TLDR
This paper summarizes and expands on the previous publications about the relevance of findings from critical illness for ME/CFS and describes interlinkages between these pathophysiological mechanisms as well as “vicious cycles” involving cytokines and inflammation that may contribute to explain the chronic nature of these illnesses.

Documenting disability in myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS).

TLDR
The range of methods used in successful US disability claims are summarized, which include documentation of the functional impact of post-exertional malaise and the use of methods that provide objective evidence of impairment.

Review of case definitions for myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS)

TLDR
This study comprehensively described the journey of the development of case definitions and compared the symptom criteria and provides broader insights and explanations to understand the complexity of ME/CFS for clinicians and researchers.

A map of metabolic phenotypes in patients with myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome

TLDR
It is suggested that elevated energy strain may result from exertion-triggered tissue hypoxia and lead to systemic metabolic adaptation and compensation and through various mechanisms, such metabolic dysfunction represents a likely mediator of key symptoms in ME/CFS and possibly a target for supportive intervention.

Achieving symptom relief in patients with Myalgic encephalomyelitis by targeting the neuro-immune interface and inducing disease tolerance

TLDR
The results of a randomized, placebo-controlled trial using intranasal mechanical stimulation targeting the vagus nuclei, and higher centers in the brain of ME-patients and induce a sustainable, ∼30% reduction in overall symptom scores after eight weeks of treatment are reported.
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TLDR
The evidence is consistent with the hypothesis that CFS, in some cases, can be triggered and perpetuated by several chronic infections that directly or indirectly affect the nervous system, and that symptoms are a reflection of the immune response to the infection.

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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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Moving toward answers in ME/CFS

  • NIH Director’s Blog. March 21,
  • 2017