Advanced Virgo: a second-generation interferometric gravitational wave detector

  title={Advanced Virgo: a second-generation interferometric gravitational wave detector},
  author={Fausto Acernese and Michalis Agathos and Kazuhiro Agatsuma and D. Aisa and N. Allemandou and Annalisa Allocca and J. Amarni and Pia Astone and Gabriele Balestri and Giulio Ballardin and Fabrizio Barone and J. P. Baronick and Matteo Barsuglia and Andrea Basti and F. Basti and Th. S. Bauer and Viswanath Bavigadda and Michał Bejger and M. G. Beker and Chris Belczynski and Diego Bersanetti and Alessandro Bertolini and Massimiliano Bitossi and M. A. Bizouard and Steven Bloemen and M. Blom and Michel Boer and Gilles Bogaert and D. K. Bondi and F. Bondu and L. Bonelli and R. Bonnand and Valerio Boschi and L. Bosi and Thierry Bouedo and C. Bradaschia and Marica Branchesi and Tristan Briant and A. Brillet and V. Brisson and Tomasz Bulik and H. J. Bulten and D. Buskulic and Christelle Buy and Gianpietro Cagnoli and Enrico Calloni and Carlo Campeggi and Benjamin Canuel and Franco Carbognani and F. Cavalier and R. Cavalieri and Giancarlo Cella and Elisa Cesarini and {\'E}ric Chassande-Mottin and Andrea Chincarini and Antonino Chiummo and Sheon S Y Chua and F. Cleva and Eugenio Coccia and P.-F. Cohadon and Alberto Colla and Maria Perla Colombini and Andrea Conte and J.-P. Coulon and Elena Cuoco and A. Dalmaz and Sabrina D’Antonio and Vincenzino Dattilo and M. Davier and Richard N. Day and Gergely Debreczeni and J{\'e}r{\^o}me Degallaix and Samuel Del'eglise and Walter del Pozzo and H{\"u}sne Dereli and Rosario De Rosa and L. Di Fiore and Alberto Di Lieto and Angela Di Virgilio and Martin Doets and Vincent Dolique and M. Drago and M. Ducrot and G. EndrHoczi and V Fafone and Stefania Farinon and I. Ferrante and Federico Ferrini and Francesco Fidecaro and Irene Fiori and R. Flaminio and J.-D. Fournier and Stefaan Franco and Sergio Frasca and F. Frasconi and Luca Gammaitoni and F. Garufi and Michel Gaspard and Alberto Gatto and Gianluca Gemme and Bruce Gendre and Emmanuelle G{\'e}nin and A. Gennai and S. Ghosh and L. Giacobone and A. Giazotto and R. Gouaty and Massimo Granata and Giuseppe Greco and Paul J. Groot and G. Guidi and Jan Harms and Antoine Heidmann and H. Heitmann and P. Hello and Gary Hemming and Eric Hennes and David Jonathan Hofman and Piotr Jaranowski and R. J. G. Jonker and Marie Kasprzack and Fabien K'ef'elian and Izabela Jonek Kowalska and M. J. Kraan and Andrzej Kr'olak and Adam Kutynia and C Lazzaro and Matteo Leonardi and Nicolas Leroy and Nicolas Letendre and T. G. F. Li and B. Lieunard and Marco Lorenzini and Vincent Loriette and Giovanni Losurdo and C. Magazz{\`u} and E. Majorana and I. Maksimovic and Valeria Malvezzi and Na Man and Valentina Dianora Mangano and Maddalena Mantovani and Fabio Marchesoni and F. Marion and J. Marque and F. Martelli and Lionel Martellini and A. Masserot and Duncan Meacher and Jeroen Meidam and Federica Mezzani and C. Michel and Leopoldo Milano and Yury Minenkov and Andrea Moggi and M. Mohan and M. Montani and N. Morgado and B. Mours and F. A. Mul and M{\'a}t{\'e} Ferenc Nagy and Ilaria Nardecchia and L. Naticchioni and Gijs Nelemans and Igor Neri and MorgantiN. Neri and F. Nocera and E. Pacaud and Cristiano Palomba and Federico Paoletti and Angela Delli Paoli and A. Pasqualetti and R. Passaquieti and D. Passuello and Maurizio Perciballi and S. Petit and Mikhael Pichot and Francesco Piergiovanni and Gabriel Pillant and A. Piluso and L. Pinard and R. Poggiani and Mirko Prijatelj and G A Prodi and M. Punturo and P. Puppo and D. S. Rabeling and Istv'an R'acz and P. Rapagnani and Massimiliano Razzano and Virginia Re and Tania Regimbau and F. Ricci and Florent Robinet and Alessandro Rocchi and Lo{\"i}c Rolland and Rocco Romano and D. Rosi'nska and P. Ruggi and Emeline Saracco and Beno{\^i}t Sassolas and Frank Schimmel and Daniel Sentenac and Valeria Sequino and Shams Ullah Shah and Karelle Siellez and Nicolas Straniero and Bas Swinkels and Matteo Tacca and Mauro Tonelli and Flavio Travasso and M Turconi and Gabriele Vajente and Niels Anton van Bakel and Martinus van Beuzekom and J. F. J. van den Brand and Chris van den Broeck and M. van der Sluys and Joris van Heijningen and M'aty'as Vas'uth and Gabriele Vedovato and John Veitch and D. Verkindt and F. Vetrano and Andrea Vicer'e and J.-Y. Vinet and George J. M. Visser and Helios Vocca and Robert L. Ward and Michal Was and L.-W. Wei and M. Yvert and A. K. Zadro.zny and Jean Pierre Zendri},
  journal={Classical and Quantum Gravity},
Advanced Virgo is the project to upgrade the Virgo interferometric detector of gravitational waves, with the aim of increasing the number of observable galaxies (and thus the detection rate) by three orders of magnitude. The project is now in an advanced construction phase and the assembly and integration will be completed by the end of 2015. Advanced Virgo will be part of a network, alongside the two Advanced LIGO detectors in the US and GEO HF in Germany, with the goal of contributing to the… 
Status of the Advanced Virgo gravitational wave detector
  • H. Heitmann
  • Physics
    Astronomical Telescopes + Instrumentation
  • 2018
Virgo is the French-Italian interferometric gravitational wave detector located near Pisa, Italy. Virgo has undergone a several year upgrade period to the second generation, and has come online
Status of Advanced Virgo
The LIGO and the Virgo collaborations have recently announced the first detections of Gravitational Waves. Due to their weak amplitude, Gravitational Waves are expected to produce a very small effect
Advanced Virgo: Status of the Detector, Latest Results and Future Prospects
The Virgo detector, based at the EGO (European Gravitational Observatory) and located in Cascina (Pisa), played a significant role in the development of the gravitational-wave astronomy. From its
The dawn of multi-messenger astronomy
The first direct observation of gravitational waves by the interferometer detectors of the LIGO-Virgo collaboration marked the start of gravitational astronomy in 2015, with the observation of a
Review of the Advanced LIGO Gravitational Wave Observatories Leading to Observing Run Four
Gravitational waves from binary black hole and neutron star mergers are being regularly detected. As of 2021, 90 confident gravitational wave detections have been made by the LIGO and Virgo
Status of the Advanced Virgo gravitational wave detector
Advanced Virgo is the French–Italian second generation laser gravitational wave detector, successor of the Initial Virgo. This new interferometer keeps only the infrastructure of its predecessor and
Status of the Advanced Virgo gravitational-wave detector
On September 2015, a century after Einstein’s predictions of their existence, the first Gravitational waves (GWs) direct detection was performed by LIGO. On August 17, 2017, the two Advanced LIGO and
Overview and Status of Advanced Interferometers for Gravitational Wave Detection
The world-wide network of km-scale laser interferometers is aiming at the detection of gravitational waves of astrophysical origin. The second generation of these instruments, called advanced
A cryogenic silicon interferometer for gravitational-wave detection
The detection of gravitational waves from compact binary mergers by LIGO has opened the era of gravitational wave astronomy, revealing a previously hidden side of the cosmos. To maximize the reach of


VIRGO: a large interferometer for gravitational wave detection started its first scientific run
The VIRGO interferometer is the largest ground based European gravitational wave detector operating at the EGO Laboratory in the Pisa, Italy; countryside. During the last commissioning period
Status of the Virgo project
We describe the present state and future evolution of the Virgo gravitational wave detector, realized by the Virgo Collaboration at the European Gravitational Observatory, in Cascina near Pisa in
Virgo: a laser interferometer to detect gravitational waves
This paper presents a complete description of Virgo, the French-Italian gravitational wave detector. The detector, built at Cascina, near Pisa (Italy), is a very large Michelson interferometer, with
Gravitational Wave Detection by Interferometry (Ground and Space)
The main theme of this review is a discussion of the mechanical and optical principles used in the various long baseline systems in operation around the world — LIGO, Virgo, TAMA300 and LCGT, and GEO600 — and in LISA, a proposed space-borne interferometer.
Gravitational wave astronomy
We are entering a new era of gravitational-wave astronomy. The ground-based interferometers have reached their initial design sensitivity in the audio band. Several upper limits have been set for
Advanced interferometers and the search for gravitational waves : lectures from the first VESF school on advanced detectors for gravitational waves
Preface.- Foreword.- Towards gravitational wave astronomy.- The science case for advanced gravitational wave Detectors.- Interferometer configurations.- Pre Stabilized Lasers for Advanced detectors.-
Observing binary inspiral in gravitational radiation: One interferometer.
  • Finn, Chernoff
  • Physics
    Physical review. D, Particles and fields
  • 1993
The sensitivity of individual LIGO-VIRGO-like interferometers and the precision with which they can determine the characteristics of an inspiralling binary system is investigated.
Thermal effects and their compensation in Advanced Virgo
Thermal effects in the test masses of the gravitational waves interferometric detectors may result in a strong limitation to their operation and sensitivity. Already in initial LIGO and Virgo, these