[Advance in research on regulatory mechanism and functions of neutral sphingomyelinse 2].

  • Lan Zhang, Jun Guo
  • Published 2013 in
    Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta…

Abstract

Neutral sphingomyelinase 2 (nSMase2), which located mainly on the plasma membrane, hydrolyzes sphingomyelin into ceramide and plays an important role in the physiological and pathological regulation of cell apoptosis, cell growth arrest, and inflammation. nSMase2 is also involved in the development of Alzheimer's disease and the bone growth.Under neutral pH and the presence of Ca(2+), Mg(2+), and Mn(+), the activity of nSMase2 is induced by oxidative stress through phosphorylation. Furthermore, the induced interaction of anionic phospholipids and the signaling molecules like receptor for activated C-kinase 1/embryonic ectodermal development with nSMase2 are also crucial mechanisms of protein activation. In the review, recent research advances in the structure and function of nSMase2 and its underlying mechanisms are summarized.

DOI: 10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.2013.05.018

Cite this paper

@article{Zhang2013AdvanceIR, title={[Advance in research on regulatory mechanism and functions of neutral sphingomyelinse 2].}, author={Lan Zhang and Jun Guo}, journal={Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae}, year={2013}, volume={35 5}, pages={581-5} }