Corpus ID: 29255828

Adv Dent Res 21 : 2009 Xylitol and Mutans Streptococci 75 XylITol anD counTS of MuTanS STrEPTococcI

  title={Adv Dent Res 21 : 2009 Xylitol and Mutans Streptococci 75 XylITol anD counTS of MuTanS STrEPTococcI},
  author={E. S{\"o}derling},
The authors declare no conflict of interest. The caries-controlling or preventing effect of xylitol is more than just excluding fermentable sugars from the diet. This review aims to discuss the specific effects of xylitol which could have contributed to the results of the caries trials. Xylitol promotes mineralization by increasing the flow of saliva, an effect it has in common with all sweeteners. What is unique for xylitol is that it is practically non-fermentable by oral bacteria. Xylitol is… Expand


Xylitol: a review of its action on mutans streptococci and dental plaque--its clinical significance.
  • L. Trahan
  • Biology, Medicine
  • International dental journal
  • 1995
The current knowledge of the effect of xylitol on the microbial population of dental plaque, particularly on mutans streptococci, is reviewed in the light of an ecological concept of the oral environment and of the potential clinical significance. Expand
Effect of Xylitol Consumption on the Plaque-Saliva Distribution of Mutans Streptococci and the Occurrence and Long-term Survival of Xylitol-resistant Strains
Xylitol consumption modifies the mutans streptococci distribution between the dental plaque and the saliva and suggests that an unknown characteristic of the XR mutants allows them to be more easily shed into the saliva from the plaque than the xylitol-sensitive parental strains. Expand
Long-term xylitol consumption and mutans streptococci in plaque and saliva.
The results of the plate count and the adhesion-based assay for salivary mutans streptococci were in good agreement for both habitual xylitol consumers and the controls, which suggests that it was the accumulation of plaque rather than the adhesiveness of Mutans strePTococci that was affected by the habitual consumption ofxylitol. Expand
Mutans Streptococci Dose Response to Xylitol Chewing Gum
Xylitol is promoted in caries-preventive strategies, yet its effective dose range is unclear, and a plateau effect is suggested between 6.44 g and 10.32 g xylitol/day. Expand
Influence of Maternal Xylitol Consumption on Acquisition of Mutans Streptococci by Infants
Habitual xylitol consumption by mothers was associated with a statistically significant reduction of the probability of mother-child transmission of MS assessed at two years of age, which was superior to that obtained with either chlorhexidine or fluoride varnish treatments performed as single applications at six-month intervals. Expand
Streptococcus mutans: Fructose Transport, Xylitol Resistance, and Virulence
Streptococcus mutans, the primary etiological agent of human dental caries, possesses at least two fructose phosphotransferase systems (PTSs), encoded by fruI and fruCD. fruI is also responsible forExpand
Effects of xylitol, xylitol-sorbitol, and placebo chewing gums on the plaque of habitual xylitol consumers.
Polyols were the active ingredients of chewing gums able to modulate the amount of plaque and its microbial composition, and appeared not to be associated with the study-induced changes in the proportion (%) of mutans streptococci in plaque, the number of salivary mutans StrePTococci, the proportion of XR strains in plaque or saliva, or the hydrolytic enzyme activities. Expand
The effect of chewing xylitol gum on the plaque and saliva levels of Streptococcus mutans.
Findings suggested that the small amounts of xylitol used (about 5 gm) resulted in a suppression of S mutans, which is commonly reported to cause caries increment when chewed in a gum. Expand
Effect of xylitol on an in vitro model of oral biofilm.
This study shows that xylitol is not only efficient in inhibiting the acid production of cariogenic bacteria, but also in preventing the formation of a multispecies biofilm; it confirms the relevance of the use of this polyol for the prevention of oral diseases caused by dental plaque. Expand
Effect of sugar alcohols on the composition and metabolism of a mixed culture of oral bacteria grown in a chemostat.
Evidence is provided for a mechanism by which xylitol could affect the ecology of dental plaque and thereby reduce the rate of dental caries. Expand