Corpus ID: 29255828

Adv Dent Res 21 : 2009 Xylitol and Mutans Streptococci 75 XylITol anD counTS of MuTanS STrEPTococcI

@inproceedings{Sderling2009AdvDR,
  title={Adv Dent Res 21 : 2009 Xylitol and Mutans Streptococci 75 XylITol anD counTS of MuTanS STrEPTococcI},
  author={E. S{\"o}derling},
  year={2009}
}
The authors declare no conflict of interest. The caries-controlling or preventing effect of xylitol is more than just excluding fermentable sugars from the diet. This review aims to discuss the specific effects of xylitol which could have contributed to the results of the caries trials. Xylitol promotes mineralization by increasing the flow of saliva, an effect it has in common with all sweeteners. What is unique for xylitol is that it is practically non-fermentable by oral bacteria. Xylitol is… Expand

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TLDR
The current knowledge of the effect of xylitol on the microbial population of dental plaque, particularly on mutans streptococci, is reviewed in the light of an ecological concept of the oral environment and of the potential clinical significance. Expand
Effect of Xylitol Consumption on the Plaque-Saliva Distribution of Mutans Streptococci and the Occurrence and Long-term Survival of Xylitol-resistant Strains
TLDR
Xylitol consumption modifies the mutans streptococci distribution between the dental plaque and the saliva and suggests that an unknown characteristic of the XR mutants allows them to be more easily shed into the saliva from the plaque than the xylitol-sensitive parental strains. Expand
Long-term xylitol consumption and mutans streptococci in plaque and saliva.
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The results of the plate count and the adhesion-based assay for salivary mutans streptococci were in good agreement for both habitual xylitol consumers and the controls, which suggests that it was the accumulation of plaque rather than the adhesiveness of Mutans strePTococci that was affected by the habitual consumption ofxylitol. Expand
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TLDR
Habitual xylitol consumption by mothers was associated with a statistically significant reduction of the probability of mother-child transmission of MS assessed at two years of age, which was superior to that obtained with either chlorhexidine or fluoride varnish treatments performed as single applications at six-month intervals. Expand
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TLDR
Evidence is provided for a mechanism by which xylitol could affect the ecology of dental plaque and thereby reduce the rate of dental caries. Expand
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