Adult attachment, working models, and relationship quality in dating couples.

  title={Adult attachment, working models, and relationship quality in dating couples.},
  author={Nancy L. Collins and Stephen J. Read},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  volume={58 4},
  • N. Collins, S. Read
  • Published 1 April 1990
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of personality and social psychology
Three studies were conducted to examine the correlates of adult attachment. In Study 1, an 18-item scale to measure adult attachment style dimensions was developed based on Kazan and Shaver's (1987) categorical measure. Factor analyses revealed three dimensions underlying this measure: the extent to which an individual is comfortable with closeness, feels he or she can depend on others, and is anxious or fearful about such things as being abandoned or unloved. Study 2 explored the relation… 
More bridges: Investigating the relevance of self-report and interview measures of adult attachment for marital and caregiving relationships
The aim of this report was to investigate the associations between attachment state of mind, romantic attachment style, and indices of maternal functioning in two relational spheres: the mother—child
Self-Other Similarity, Attachment Styles, and Duration of Romantic Relationships
Bowlby’s attachment theory states that experiences with primary caregivers and others in early childhood allow one to form internal “working models” of the self and significant others. Studies have
Dimensions of Adult Attachment, Affect Regulation, and Romantic Relationship Functioning
Recent research has suggested that adult attachment style, an orientation to relationships thought to be determined by child-hood relationships with parents and subsequent experiences with important
Comparisons of close relationships: An evaluation of relationship quality and patterns of attachment to parents, friends, and romantic partners in young adults.
Two theoretical models of attachment have been proposed. The trait model conceptualizes attachment as a general personality characteristic of an individual, whereas the context model conceptualizes
Attachment Styles Among Young Adults
A new 4-group model of attachment styles in adulthood is proposed. Four prototypic attachment patterns are defined using combinations of a person's self-image (positive or negative) and image of
Adult attachment style and partner choice: Correlational and experimental findings
Three studies were conducted to assess the role of attachment style in partner selection using both correlational and experimental methods. Study 1 (n = 83 couples) assessed correlations between
The adult attachment interview and self‐reports of romantic attachment: Associations across domains and methods
Two lines of research on adult attachment have emerged; both are based on Bowlby and Ainsworth's attachment theory, which in turn relies on evolutionary theory. Investigators in one tradition use the
The relationship of adult attachment constructs to object relational patterns of representing self and others.
Results suggest some conceptual convergence between internal working models and representations of self, others, and relationships; for example, individuals who perceive significant others as offering a secure base for emotional connection tend to have complex, well-differentiated representations ofSelf and others.
Working Models of Childhood Attachment and Couple Relationships
Previous research has documented connections between adults' working models of childhood attachment relationships and the quality of parent-child relationships, but less attention has been devoted to
Influence of Attachment Styles on Romantic Relationships
This investigation examined the impact of secure, anxious, and avoidant attachment styles on romantic relationships in a longitudinal study involving 144 dating couples. For both men and women, the


Lovestyles and Attachment Styles Compared: Their Relations to Each Other and to Various Relationship Characteristics
Two studies were conducted to investigate the relative ability of Hendrick & Hendrick's (1986) measure of Lee's (1973) lovestyles and the Hazan & Shaver (1987) measure of attachment styles to predict
Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process.
  • C. Hazan, P. Shaver
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1987
This article explores the possibility that romantic love is an attachment process--a biosocial process by which affectional bonds are formed between adult lovers, just as affectional bonds are formed
Intimacy maturity and its correlates in young married couples.
In a study of 31 young married couples, scores on each dimension of intimacy maturity were analyzed in relation to gender, gender role (as assessed through an adaptation of the Bem Sex Role Inventory; Bem, 1974), and marital adjustment.
Attachment in late adolescence: working models, affect regulation, and representations of self and others.
Different styles of affect regulation and representational bias associated with particular working models of attachment are interpreted in terms of different styles of distress, perceived competence, and social support.
Trust in close relationships.
A theoretical model describing interpersonal trust in close relationships is presented. Three dimensions of trust are identified, based on the type of attributions drawn about a partner's motives.
Attachment theory: Retrospect and prospect.
This chapter has several major aims. The first is to provide an overview of attachment theory as presented by John Bowlby in the three volumes of Attachment and Loss (1969/1982b, 1973, 1980), giving
Infant-mother attachment: factors related to its development and changes over time.
Ass assessments of attachment relationships in high-risk mother-infant pairs were conducted at 12 and 18 months and changes from secure to anxious attachments were characterized by initially adequate caretaking skills but prolonged interaction with an aggressive and suspicious mother.
Measuring Dyadic Adjustment: new scales for assessing the quality of marriage and similar dyads
This study reports on the development of the Dyadic Adjustment Scale, a new measure for assessing the quality of marriage and other similar dyads. The 32-item scale is designed for use with either
Masculinity & femininity: Their psychological dimensions, correlates, and antecedents
Preface 1. Gender, Sex Roles, and the Psychological Dimensions of Masculinity and Femininity 2. Previous Research and Overview of the Study 3. Measuring Instruments 4. Sample Characteristics and
A theory and method of love.
This research was part of a larger research program on love and sex attitudes. Earlier work on love was reported in Hendrick, Hendrick, Foote, and Slapion-Foote (1984). The work on love extends Lee's