Adult Shyness: The Interaction of Temperamental Sensitivity and an Adverse Childhood Environment

@article{Aron2005AdultST,
  title={Adult Shyness: The Interaction of Temperamental Sensitivity and an Adverse Childhood Environment},
  author={Elaine N. Aron and Arthur Aron and Kristin Davies},
  journal={Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin},
  year={2005},
  volume={31},
  pages={181 - 197}
}
This article examines the relation between adult shyness and sensory-processing sensitivity and posits a new model in which the interaction of sensitivity and adverse childhood environment leads to negative affectivity (with the highly sensitive being more impacted), which in turn leads to shyness. Consistent with this model, two questionnaire studies (Ns = 96 and 213) supported three hypotheses: (a) sensory-processing sensitivity interacts with recalled quality of childhood parental… 

The role of environmental sensitivity in the development of rumination and depressive symptoms in childhood: a longitudinal study

Rumination emerged as an important cognitive risk factor for the development of depressive symptoms in sensitive children, and was associated with depressive symptoms at age 9 and, to a lesser extent, at age 12.

Temperamental sensitivity moderates the effects of maternal love-withdrawal on perception of infant crying

Parenting has an impact on the offspring's social and behavioral outcomes. However, not all individuals are affected equally; according to the differential susceptibility hypothesis, temperamental

Differences in sensitivity to parenting depending on child temperament: A meta-analysis.

Results showed that children with a more difficult temperament were more vulnerable to negative parenting, but also profited more from positive parenting, supporting the differential susceptibility model.

Sensory Processing Sensitivity and Adult Attachment in Emotional Regulation Difficulties

Background: Approximately one-fifth of the world’s population has a temperament trait called Sensory Processing Sensitivity (SPS), expressed as increased awareness to perceive subtle stimuli and high

Sensory Processing Sensitivity as a Marker of Differential Susceptibility to Parenting

It is suggested that sensory processing sensitivity may be a more proximal correlate of individual differences in susceptibility, compared with negative emotionality, and interacted with both negative and positive parenting in predicting externalizing, but not prosocial, behavior.

The Role of Attachment Insecurity and Big Five Traits on Sensory Processing Sensitivity

Attachment avoidance, but not attachment anxiety, moderated the effect of BIS activity on SPS indicating that, compared to those with high BIS sensitivity, those with low levels of both BIS and attachment avoidance reported lower level of SPS.

Youth Sensitivity in a Pandemic: The Relationship Between Sensory Processing Sensitivity, Internalizing Problems, COVID-19 and Parenting

The personality trait sensory processing sensitivity (SPS) is an established risk factor for the development of internalizing problems. Highly sensitive adolescents react stronger to environmental

The Personality Trait of Environmental Sensitivity Predicts Children’s Positive Response to School-Based Antibullying Intervention

Meta-analyses on the effectiveness of antibullying interventions show that average effects tend to be significant but small. Informed by the vantage sensitivity framework, the current study aimed to

The role of sensory processing sensitivity in the longitudinal associations between relationship qualities with parents and peers and externalizing behavior in adolescence

Some adolescents may be more likely to be influenced by parents and peers in their development of externalizing behavior than others. Recent research indicates that sensory processing sensitivity may

The Highly Sensitive Person : Stress and physical symptom reports

...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 80 REFERENCES

Shyness and Perceptions of Parental Behavior

Previous research has indicated that parental behavior affects development of shyness in children. Specifically decreased levels of parental acceptance tend to foster social anxiety and shy behavior.

Social Withdrawal, inhibition, and Shyness in Childhood

Contents: Part I:Conceptual and Methodological Issues: An Overview. K.H. Rubin, J.B. Asendorpf, Social Withdrawal, Inhibition, and Shyness in Childhood: Conceptual and Definitional Issues. J. Kagan,

Sensory-processing sensitivity and its relation to introversion and emotionality.

  • E. AronA. Aron
  • Psychology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 1997
This research identified a unidimensional core variable of high sensory-processing sensitivity and demonstrated its partial independence from social introversion and emotionality, variables with which it had been confused or subsumed in most previous theorizing by personality researchers.

Extreme fear, shyness, and social phobia : origins, biological mechanisms, and clinical outcomes

The concept of behavioral inhibition and the emotional circuitry of the brain: Stability and plasticity during the early childhood years and Varieties of shyness in adolescence and adulthood are considered.

A multimodal analysis of personal negativity.

Results suggest that even subclinical levels of unhappiness and self-dissatisfaction may have important consequences, and that men and women showed generally similar patterns of correlates.

Validating an experiential measure of parental style: the use of a twin sample

  • G. Parker
  • Psychology
    Acta psychiatrica Scandinavica
  • 1986
Higher mood scores were linked with less parental care and greater parental protection, the associations being stronger with anxiety than depression, supporting the construct validity of the PBI as a measure of parental characteristics.

Reflectivity and learning from aversive events: toward a psychological mechanism for the syndromes of disinhibition.

The authors propose a psychological mechanism that highlights relations among disinhibition, reflection, and failures to learn from aversive feedback that has implications for disinhibited individuals' impulsivity and provides a point of departure to study factors responsible for similarities and differences among these syndromes.

Approach-avoidance motivation in personality: approach and avoidance temperaments and goals.

The hypothesis that approach and avoidance temperaments represent the foundation of several basic dimensions espoused in the trait adjective, affective disposition, and motivational system approaches to personality is examined.

Social Reputation and Peer Relationships in Chinese and Canadian Children: A Cross‐cultural Study

480 children in Shanghai, the People's Republic of China, and 296 children in Southern Ontario, Canada, aged 8 and 10 years, were administered the Revised Class Play and a sociometric nomination
...