Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) and centrally-acting cholinomimetic drugs improve survival of rats with severe hemorrhagic shock through distinct central cholinergic mechanisms.


Pharmacological doses (40-160 micrograms/kg) of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) intravenously injected to urethane-anesthetized rats subjected to otherwise lethal hemorrhagic shock (mean arterial pressure stabilized at 20-25 mmHg) promptly restore blood pressure to about the pre-bleeding values, and prevent death (anti-shock effect). Hemicholinium-3 (i.c… (More)


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