Adopting a Patient-Centered Approach to Primary Outcome Analysis of Acute Stroke Trials Using a Utility-Weighted Modified Rankin Scale

@article{Chaisinanunkul2015AdoptingAP,
  title={Adopting a Patient-Centered Approach to Primary Outcome Analysis of Acute Stroke Trials Using a Utility-Weighted Modified Rankin Scale},
  author={Napasri N. Chaisinanunkul and Opeolu M. Adeoye and Roger J. Lewis and James Charles Grotta and Joseph P. Broderick and Tudor G. Jovin and Raul G. Nogueira and Jordan J. Elm and Todd L Graves and Scott M. Berry and Kennedy R. Lees and Andrew David Barreto and Jeffrey L. Saver and Anthony J. Furlan and Blaise Baxter and Helmi L Lutsep and Marc Rib{\'o} and Olav Jansen and Rishi Gupta and Vitor M Pereira},
  journal={Stroke},
  year={2015},
  volume={46},
  pages={2238–2243}
}
Background and Purpose— Although the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) is the most commonly used primary end point in acute stroke trials, its power is limited when analyzed in dichotomized fashion and its indication of effect size challenging to interpret when analyzed ordinally. Weighting the 7 Rankin levels by utilities may improve scale interpretability while preserving statistical power. Methods— A utility-weighted mRS (UW-mRS) was derived by averaging values from time-tradeoff (patient centered… 

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