Adolescents and Drug Abuse: 21st Century Synthetic Substances

  title={Adolescents and Drug Abuse: 21st Century Synthetic Substances},
  author={Shan Yin},
  journal={Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine},
  • S. Yin
  • Published 1 March 2019
  • Medicine
  • Clinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Illicit substances identified in the urine of 11.170 suspected drug users in North Tunisia
An overview of the illicit drug consumption in the north of Tunisia is provided in order to set up an effective policy to fight against drugs and addictive behaviors and to provide health professionals with the epidemiological elements necessary for better medical care of drug users.
Overview of Synthetic Cannabinoids ADB-FUBINACA and AMB-FUBINACA: Clinical, Analytical, and Forensic Implications
This review highlights the urgent requirement for additional studies on the toxicokinetic properties of AMB-FUBINACA and ADB- fubINACA, as this is imperative to improve the methods for detecting and quantifying these drugs and to determine the best exposure markers in the various biological matrices.
Novel Opioids: Systematic Web Crawling Within the e-Psychonauts’ Scenario
Assessing psychonaut fora/platforms to better understand the online situation regarding opioids and strengthening multidisciplinary collaboration between clinicians and bioinformatics may prove useful in better assessing public health risks associated with opioids.
Method Validation of Seven Synthetic Cathinones by LC-MS/MS Analysis and the Prevalence of N-Ethylpentylone in Postmortem Casework.
A validated LC-MS/MS method is described for seven synthetic cathinones to present a detailed summary regarding the presence of NEP in postmortem casework at the Miami-Dade Medical Examiner Department.


Adulterants and Diluents in Heroin, Amphetamine, and Cocaine Found on the Illicit Drug Market in Aarhus, Denmark
The concentrations of the active substances in illicit heroin, amphetamine, and cocaine samples have decreased significantly over a 10-year period, which shows that the "cutting" of illicit drugs is more prevalent and comprehensive today than it was 10 years ago.
Emerging Trends in Cannabis Administration Among Adolescent Cannabis Users.
A survey of synthetic cannabinoid consumption by current cannabis users.
Among current marijuana and tobacco users, SC product consumption was common and persisted despite a federal ban and the primary reasons for the use of SC-containing products seem to be to evade drug detection and to experience a marijuana-like high.
A systematic review of adverse events arising from the use of synthetic cannabinoids and their associated treatment
To identify systematically the scientific reports of adverse events associated with the consumption of SCs in the medical literature and poison centre data, this work searched online databases and manually searched reference lists up to December 2014 to identify eligible studies.
Differential physiological and behavioral cues observed in individuals smoking botanical marijuana versus synthetic cannabinoid drugs
Drivers under the influence of synthetic cannabinoids were more frequently impaired with confusion, disorientation, and incoherent, slurred speech than drivers under the Influence of marijuana in this population evaluated by DREs.
The dark cloud of recreational drugs and vaping
Vaping cannabis does have the potential to reduce tobacco use and combustible cannabis/tobacco-related disease, but with over one-third of UK adults reporting life-time use of recreational drugs and increasing e-cigarette uptake in adolescent groups the misuse of these devices poses a serious potential public health risk.
Acute Kidney Injury Associated with Synthetic Cannabinoid Use — Multiple States, 2012
The results of the investigation determined that no single SC brand or compound explained all 16 cases, and public health practitioners, poison center staff members, and clinicians should be aware of the potential for renal or other unusual toxicities in users of SC products and should ask about SC use in cases of unexplained AKI.
Hepatotoxicity associated to synthetic cannabinoids use.
The recent literature on the SCs toxicity is reviewed with particular attention to liver damage aspects, which can lead to a variety of adverse effects on health including overdose and deaths.
An outbreak of acute delirium from exposure to the synthetic cannabinoid AB-CHMINACA
A coordinated response and collaboration between law enforcement, the local public health, emergency medical services and Health Center staff, were all key interventions in preventing a more substantial public health outbreak resulting from use of a novel synthetic cannabinoid compound.
Synthetic cannabinoid and marijuana exposures reported to poison centers
Compared to marijuana, synthetic cannabinoid exposures were more likely to been used through inhalation, to involve adults, to be used at a residence, and to result in serious outcomes.