Adolescents’ Conceptions of Work

  title={Adolescents’ Conceptions of Work},
  author={Kenneth J. Levine and Cynthia A. Hoffner},
  journal={Journal of Adolescent Research},
  pages={647 - 669}
Anticipatory socialization is the process of gaining knowledge about work that begins in early childhood and continues until entering the workplace full-time. On self-administered questionnaires, 64 high school students answered open-ended questions about what they have learned about work from five sources: parents, educational institutions, part-time employment, friends, and the mass media. Responses were coded into four macro categories (general requirements of a job, positive aspects of work… 

Tables from this paper

Developing the pre‐employment schema: The significance of information about the workplace and emotional support from friends and family
Purpose – Economic insecurity has had a major impact on employees; however, much less is known about its relationship to the expectations of individuals as they prepare to enter the full‐time
Work socialization through part-time work: cultivating self-efficacy and engagement through care
ABSTRACT This study provides insight into how work socialization occurs through part-time work in a Youth Employment Program. Drawing on in-depth interviews with youth employees and supervisors, we
Vocational Anticipatory Socialization of Adolescents: Messages, Sources, and Frameworks That Influence Interest in STEM Careers
By high school, many students have dropped out of the pipeline that will lead to science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) occupations. We examine the role of vocational anticipatory
Vocational Anticipatory Socialization
Framed by social cognitive career theory, this study identified college students’ perceptions of the most influential sources and content of encouraging/discouraging career messages (vocational
What Young Adults Want: A Multistudy Examination of Vocational Anticipatory Socialization Through the Lens of Students’ Desired Managerial Communication Behaviors
Without experience or in the face of limited work experience, refined expectations for what it means to work or what to expect in terms of communicative role behaviors from a manager may largely be
Vocational Anticipatory Socialization, Self-Determination Theory, and Meaningful Work: Parents’ and Children’s Recollection of Memorable Messages About Work
This study explored memorable messages that parents recall communicating and young adults recall receiving about meaningfulness and work, using the lens of self-determination theory (SDT). Analysis
Insecure Right from the Start? Socialization Effects of Parental Self-Perceived Job Insecurity
  • C. Lübke
  • Psychology
    Children and Adolescents in Times of Crises in Europe
  • 2019
The paper studies whether and how parental self-perceived job insecurity induced by economic crisis influences the vocational development of their adolescent children. The analyses based on data of
Influence of media exposure on vocational interest among adolescents
Vocation is valued by most adolescents, for its contribution to self-esteem, financial independence, and social maturity (Dube, 2013). Vocational interest is one of the most influential judgement
Vocational Anticipatory Socialization (VAS): A Communicative Model of Adolescents’ Interests in STEM
Models of career development have focused on important vocational influences such as self-efficacy, exposure, and gender prescriptions but have glossed over the role of communication in socializing


An exploratory study of vocational organizational communication socialization
This study was concerned with determining if people develop perceptions of the communication behaviors of organizational/occupational roles during the process of vocational socialization.
Young workers' work values, attitudes, and behaviours.
Young workers represent the workforce of the future. We discuss research on two major influences on young people's work-related values, attitudes, and behaviours, namely family influences and work
Adolescents' Shifting Orientation toward Parents and Peers: A Curvilinear Trend over Recent Decades.
This study examines changes that have occurred in the orientation of young people toward parents and peers over the past two decades. In 1963, 1976, and 1982, identical questionnaires were
Teenage Aspirations for Future Careers and Occupational Outcomes
Abstract In a follow-up study of over 17,000 individuals born 12 years apart (in 1958 and 1970) this article investigates the formation and realization of teenage career aspirations in a changing
Parents' roles in shaping early adolescents' occupational aspirations.
Findings highlight the potential role of parents as socializers of achievement-related values, and, ultimately, adolescents' occupational visions of themselves in the future.
Youth Perspectives on Parental Career Influence
The role of parents in youth career development is generally acknowledged though, often, perfunctorily. This inquiry examines youth perceptions of parental influence on their career development. We
Socialization Forces and the Stability of Work Values from Late Adolescence to Early Adulthood
Race had a more significant influence on work values than either socioeconomic status or employment experience and there was a decline in extrinsic work values between adolescence and the early years of adulthood.
The Effects of Television Role Models on the Career Aspirations of African American Junior High School Students
Journal of Career Development, Vol. 23(2), Winter 1996 The social learning theory approach to career decision-making purports that individual career-related interests and behaviors develop from
The development of occupational aspirations and expectations among inner-city boys.
Findings show that boys tend to be more realistic about occupational aspirations and expectations the older they are and that from second grade on the occupational expectations of inner-city boys mirror existing race and class differences in adult job holdings.
The Social Bases of Social Cognition: Interactions about Work and Their Implications.
Interactions concerning household work provide an area of teaching and learning that is part of everyday life, salient to parents and children alike, and marked by both positive and negative affect.