Adolescent Substance Use: Brief Interventions by Emergency Care Providers

  title={Adolescent Substance Use: Brief Interventions by Emergency Care Providers},
  author={Pamela J. Burke and Joanne O’Sullivan and Brigid L. Vaughan},
  journal={Pediatric Emergency Care},
Abstract: Use of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs plays a major role in adolescent morbidity and mortality. When under the influence of alcohol or other drugs, adolescents are at increased risk for injuries, unprotected sex, or interpersonal violence. Alcohol and other drugs are major factors in adolescent deaths, contributing to motor vehicle crashes, homicides, and suicides. Adolescents tend to have shorter substance use histories therefore they often experience emergency/acute care health… 

The Youth Alternative Solutions Program: Evaluating a Hospital-Based Intervention for Adolescent Substance Use

A significant increase in negative alcohol outcome expectancies was indicated between the three study time points and more comprehensive studies of the Youth Alternative Solutions Program should be conducted in the future to determine the utility of hospital-based SU interventions and to provide evidence of the program’s long-term effects.

Brief Screening and Intervention for Alcohol and Drug Use in a College Student Health Clinic: Feasibility, Implementation, and Outcomes

BASICS can be implemented in a primary health care setting and university students may reduce their alcohol and/or drug use.

Instruments to Detect Alcohol and Other Drug Misuse in the Emergency Department: A Systematic Review

Evidence on screening instruments that can assist emergency care clinicians in identifying AOD misuse in pediatric patients is summarized and it is recommended thatEmergency care clinicians use a 2-question instrument for detecting youth alcohol misuse and a 1-questionstrument for detecting cannabis misuse.

Substance use and Psychosocial Functioning of Adolescents in Benue State, Nigeria: Assessing the role of age.

  • O. AkpaA. Okekunle
  • Medicine, Psychology
    African journal for the psychological study of social issues : journal of the African Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues
  • 2019
Adolescents on SU are about one and half times at risk of psychosocial dysfunction and age significantly attenuated the SU-decreased OCS risk link particularly in early adolescence.

Brief Review of Causes and Effects of Substance Abuse on Young Adults: Focus on Bonny Island Residents

This review highlights the causes of substance abuse among young adults in the society, the effects of this harmful substances and possible preventions of this social menace on young people.


Yoga practice can help in reducing depression symptoms and increased quality of life in drug abuser, as shown in this study.

Patterns of Substance Abuse Treatment Seeking Following Cocaine-Related Emergency Department Visits

ED visits for cocaine-related chest pain represent missed opportunities to link patients to substance abuse treatment, and interventions are needed to motivate patients to seek care.

A Description of Emergency Care Received by Children and Youth with Mental Health Presentations for Alcohol and Other Drug use in two Alberta Emergency Departments.

  • Andrea Y YuN. AtaK. DongA. Newton
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry = Journal de l'Academie canadienne de psychiatrie de l'enfant et de l'adolescent
  • 2010
When youth present to the ED for mental health concerns related to AOD use, mental health assessments and follow-up care are not occurring in all cases and reasons for this oversight need to be explored.

Adverse childhood experiences and consumption of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs among adolescents of a Brazilian birth cohort.

The occurrence of ACEs was positively associated with the use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs among adolescents and the risk may be different for men and women.



Office-based intervention for adolescent substance abuse.

Adolescent drug and alcohol use. Strategies for assessment, intervention, and prevention.

Brief intervention for harm reduction with alcohol-positive older adolescents in a hospital emergency department.

The harm-reduction focus of the MI was evident in that MI reduced negative outcomes related to drinking, beyond what was produced by the precipitating event plus SC alone.

Drug and Substance Use in Adolescents

  • R. Schiffman
  • Psychology, Medicine
    MCN. The American journal of maternal child nursing
  • 2004
This article provides an overview of adolescent drug and substance use, and includes prevalence and trends, commonly occurring comorbid conditions, clinical manifestations of drug and substance use,

Screening and Brief Intervention for Alcohol Problems Among College Students Treated in a University Hospital Emergency Department

The prevalence of alcohol problems, high rates of informed consent and acceptance of counseling, and improved outcomes suggest that the ED is an appropriate venue for engaging students at high risk for alcohol problems.

Feasibility of screening and intervention for alcohol problems among young adults in the ED.

The high prevalence of alcohol problems and the broad acceptance of SBI in this sample provide evidence of the ED's promise as a venue for this clinical preventive service.

Brief interventions for alcohol problems: a review.

There is encouraging evidence that the course of harmful alcohol use can be effectively altered by well-designed intervention strategies which are feasible within relatively brief-contact contexts such as primary health care settings and employee assistance programs.

Validity of the CRAFFT substance abuse screening test among adolescent clinic patients.

The CRAFFT test is a valid means of screening adolescents for substance-related problems and disorders, which may be common in some general clinic populations.

Predictors of motivation to change after medical treatment for drinking-related events in adolescents.

Baseline characteristics related to being in the action stage of change 3 months later were younger age; lower drinking; having penalties for breaking family drinking rules; injury severity; and number of anticipated consequences, including being in trouble with parents.

Brief Physician Advice For High-Risk Drinking Among Young Adults

The findings of this study support more widespread implementation of brief interventions in primary care settings after long-term reductions in high-risk drinking behaviors and consequences.