Adnexal Torsion

@article{Chiou2007AdnexalT,
  title={Adnexal Torsion},
  author={S. Chiou and Anna S. Lev-Toaff and E Masuda and Rick I. Feld and Diane Bergin},
  journal={Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine},
  year={2007},
  volume={26}
}
The purpose of this study was to review the clinical, imaging, and pathologic findings associated with adnexal torsion. 
Imaging in gynecological disease (20): clinical and ultrasound characteristics of adnexal torsion
  • F. Moro, G. Bolomini, +13 authors A. Testa
  • Medicine
  • Ultrasound in obstetrics & gynecology : the official journal of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • 2020
TLDR
To describe the clinical and ultrasound characteristics of adnexal torsion, the objective was to establish a clear picture of the central nervous system injury and establish a cause-and-effect relationship. Expand
Sonographic Appearance of Adnexal Torsion, Correlation With Other Imaging Modalities, and Clinical History
Abstract This pictorial essay illustrates the varied imaging appearances of adnexal torsion and its diagnostic pitfalls. This is a difficult diagnosis with many false positives and false negatives.Expand
Adnexal torsion in a postmenopausal woman on tamoxifen
TLDR
The case of a postmenopausal woman who presented with sudden-onset abdominal pain and vomiting is described, found to be caused by a torted haemorrhagic ovarian cyst, highlighting the occurrence of ovarian Cyst formation and endometrial stimulation in patients treated with tamoxifen. Expand
Adnexal torsion: a literature review.
TLDR
Treatment of adnexal torsion consists essentially of untwisting the adnexa, even when necrosed, and completed as required by treatment of any cyst present and/or ligamentopexy. Expand
Isolated Fallopian Tube Torsion: An often missed diagnosis
Poster: "RANZCR-AOCR 2012 / R-0002 / Isolated Fallopian Tube Torsion: An often missed diagnosis" by: "G. McKenzie; Brisbane/AU"
Abdominal pain and nausea in a 12-year-old girl
TLDR
Transabdominal ultrasound should be performed in all girls presenting in the ED with lower abdominal pain if ovarian torsion is suspected, and surgical intervention should be initiated quickly to preserve the viability of the ovary. Expand
Pitfalls in the Sonographic Evaluation of Adnexal Masses
TLDR
Familiarity with the pitfalls associated with sonographic findings related to normal ovarian physiology, hemorrhagic ovarian cysts, endometriomas, cystic teratomas, extraovarian cystic masses, and exophytic uterine masses helps the imager avoid subjecting patients to unnecessary anxiety and testing. Expand
Adnexal torsion -- a multimodality imaging review.
TLDR
Using multiple techniques, this review illustrates the wide variety of imaging features observed in adnexal torsion enabling a confident diagnosis that may result in a more favourable surgical outcome. Expand
Adnexal masses in pregnancy.
TLDR
The available literature on this subject is reviewed to help guide the clinician in the diagnosis and management of adnexal masses in pregnancy. Expand
Adnexal Torsion with Dystrophic Calcifications in an Adolescent: A Chronic Entity?
TLDR
It is speculated that the pattern of the intermittent pain in the story of the patient and the dystrophic calcifications in pathologic investigation which is thought that it might have been potentially developed as a result of chronic hypoxia due to intermittent partial torsion over a period of two years. Expand
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References

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  • Medicine
  • Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
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To determine the spectrum of sonographic findings on gray scale and color Doppler sonography in a series of pathologically proven cases of ovarian and adnexal torsion.
Torsion of the adnexa.
TLDR
The authors report two cases of adnexal torsion in a woman after induction of ovulation with FSH-LH and hCG and a patient who had begun a pregnancy was treated with adnexectomy, and delivered at term a normal baby. Expand
Clinical, surgical and pathologic findings of adnexal torsion in pregnant and nonpregnant women.
TLDR
A series of 101 patients with adnexal torsion during a 12 year period are reviewed, finding that the main histopathologic findings in both groups were cysts of the follicular or corpora lutea. Expand
Adnexal torsion in pediatric and adolescent girls
TLDR
The role of detorsion in lieu of oophorectomy or adnextomy in an effort to preserve reproductive capacity in a young population is reinforced and long-term follow-up is needed to determine the role of ophoropexy. Expand
Uterine adnexal torsion: sonographic findings.
TLDR
Consideration of this entity in the proper clinical setting and with the typical sonographic findings will facilitate prospective recognition of adnexal torsion, thereby improving the chances for salvage of the involved ad Nexal structures. Expand
CT features of torsion of benign cystic teratoma of the ovary.
TLDR
Although CT findings are not specific for some patients, detection of certain CT findings could increase the diagnostic accuracy and that CT is useful in differentiating torsed from uncomplicated BCT. Expand
Ultrasonography in obstetric and gynecologic emergencies.
In conclusion, both transabdominal and transvaginal sonography are valuable tools in the evaluation of the patient who presents with a gynecologic or obstetric emergency and can very quickly lead toExpand
CT and MR imaging features of adnexal torsion.
  • S. Rha, J. Byun, +5 authors J. Lee
  • Medicine
  • Radiographics : a review publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
  • 2002
TLDR
In adnexal torsion, the ovary, ipsilateral fallopian tube, or both twist with the vascular pedicle, resulting in vascular compromise, which is likely to cause hemorrhagic infarction. Expand
Adnexal torsion of hyperstimulated ovaries in pregnancies after gonadotropin therapy.
TLDR
It is concluded that torsion of hyperstimulated adnexa in patients who conceived after gonadotropin therapy, is a special entity that requires more attention to achieve early diagnosis and can be saved by simply unwinding it. Expand
Mature Cystic Teratoma: A Clinicopathologic Evaluation of 517 Cases and Review of the Literature
TLDR
There has been an important change over the past 14 years in the management of mature cystic teratomas, with an increased tendency for ovarian preservation, as evidenced by the more frequent use of cystectomy and a decrease in contralateral ovarian biopsy. Expand
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