Administration of probiotics Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Lactobacillus gasseri K7 during pregnancy and lactation changes mouse mesenteric lymph nodes and mammary gland microbiota.

@article{Treven2015AdministrationOP,
  title={Administration of probiotics Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Lactobacillus gasseri K7 during pregnancy and lactation changes mouse mesenteric lymph nodes and mammary gland microbiota.},
  author={Primo{\vz} Treven and Vesna Mrak and Bojana Bogovi{\vc} Matija{\vs}i{\'c} and Simon Horvat and Irena Rogelj},
  journal={Journal of dairy science},
  year={2015},
  volume={98 4},
  pages={
          2114-28
        }
}
The milk and mammary gland (MG) microbiome can be influenced by several factors, such as mode of delivery, breastfeeding, maternal lifestyle, health status, and diet. An increasing number of studies show a variety of positive effects of consumption of probiotics during pregnancy and breastfeeding on the mother and the newborn. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of oral administration of probiotics Lactobacillus gasseri K7 (LK7) and Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) during… 
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Modifications in the microbiota of human milk may have biological consequences for infant colonization, metabolism, immune and neuroendocrine development, and for mammary health, however, the factors driving differences in the composition of the human milk microbiome remain poorly known.
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Findings that mode of breast milk feeding (nursing directly at the breast vs. pumping and feeding breast milk from a bottle) was significantly associated with milk microbiota composition provide evidence for the retrograde mechanism of milk inoculation are discussed.
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Implications of Probiotics on the Maternal-Neonatal Interface: Gut Microbiota, Immunomodulation, and Autoimmunity
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The use of maternal probiotics in health and autoimmune disease is discussed and their immunomodulatory properties are investigated and their use for autoimmunity is relatively unexplored.
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