Adjustment, sibling problems and coping strategies of brothers and sisters of children with autistic spectrum disorder

  title={Adjustment, sibling problems and coping strategies of brothers and sisters of children with autistic spectrum disorder},
  author={Penelope Nelson Ross and Monica Cuskelly},
  journal={Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability},
  pages={77 - 86}
  • P. Ross, M. Cuskelly
  • Published 1 June 2006
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability
Abstract Background Siblings of children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) express more problem behaviours and experience more difficulties in their relationships than do children in families where all children are developing typically. We know little about what contributes to these difficulties. Method Mothers of a child with ASD completed the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach, 1991) with respect to a non‐disabled sibling. Siblings responded to a questionnaire tapping their knowledge… 
Psycho-social characteristics of children and adolescents with siblings on the autistic spectrum
This study investigates the psycho-social characteristics of typically developing children who have siblings with autism and their sibling relationship. Children’s adjustment at school, their
The perceptions and experiences of adolescent siblings who have a brother with autism spectrum disorder
The main implications are for supports to adolescent siblings by helping them to develop skills in managing others’ reactions and openly discussing concerns about their brother's future.
The Psychosocial Effects of Having a Sibling with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Siblings play an important role in one another’s overall development; thus, the sibling relationship is an important subsystem within the family unit. However, in families where one child has an
Sibling Adjustment and Sibling Relationships Associated with Clusters of Needs in Children with Autism: A Novel Methodological Approach
Siblings of autistic children with a mild symptom profile, high levels of adaptive skills, but high internalizing and externalizing problems had the highest level of these problems themselves and more conflict in their relationship.
Siblings of children with life‐limiting conditions: psychological adjustment and sibling relationships
Using a systematic classification of LLCs, the study supported earlier findings of increased levels of psychological difficulties in siblings of children with a LLC and highlighted the need to provide support to these siblings and their families, and that intervention approaches could be drawn from the ASD field.
Understanding of ASD by Siblings is Associated with Warmth and Hostility in the Sibling Relationship
The more siblings understood about ASD, the more hostility they reported by their sibling with ASD, and age of the sibling was negatively associated with both hostile and warm behavior by the brother or sister with ASD towards the sibling.
Typically developing adolescents’ experience of growing up with a brother with an autism spectrum disorder
ABSTRACT Background Researchers studying siblings of people with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) suggest that growing up with an individual with disability has positive and negative effects. Method
Conflicting and harmonious sibling relationships of children and adolescent siblings of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Drawing is a useful tool for providing quantitative and qualitative information, supplying rich and detailed information that can be well integrated with the results coming from quantitative tools.
Sibling Relationships, Personality Traits, Emotional, and Behavioral Difficulties in Autism Spectrum Disorders
This study focused on parents’ perceptions of the quality of sibling relationship and its association with some behavioral and emotional characteristics of the typically developing sibling. The
Psychosocial Adjustment and Sibling Relationships in Siblings of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Risk and Protective Factors
Having a sibling with ASD may be a protective factor that attenuates the negative impact of sibling BAP, according to a study compared sibling adjustment and relationships in siblings of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and siblings of siblings with typical development.


Sibling relationships or children with autistic, mentally retarded, and nonhandicapped brothers and sisters
Status variables (age, gender, family size) were not as highly correlated with the quality of sibling relationships with handicapped children as were specific problem areas (e.g., perceptions of parental favoritism, coping ability, concerns about the hahdicapped child's future).
Psychosocial effects on siblings of children with autism and mental retardation: a population-based study.
There were more behaviour disturbances in the siblings of handicapped children and mothers with a child with autism reported more 'stressful events' and there were no differences as regards the personality of the mothers and the self-concept of the children between the three groups.
Siblings of a child with autism, with mental retardation and with a normal development.
Correlational analyses revealed an association between both stressor frequency and appraisal and the evaluation of the relationship with the brother or sister and the association between the children's knowledge of the autistic disorder and the quality of the sibling relationship.
Behavioural problems, social competence and self-concept in siblings of children with autism.
Overall, siblings ofChildren with HFA are not more susceptible to adaptation problems than siblings of children without a disorder, and siblings with a more positive self-concept scored better in the social domain.
Risk and protective factors affecting the adjustment of siblings of children with chronic disabilities.
Findings underline the risks for the siblings of children with PDD and suggest the importance of a transactional mechanism rather than identification of single risk or protective factors in predicting sibling adjustment.
A Longitudinal Study of Siblings of Children with Chronic Disabilities
Significantly more adjustment problems are found in the siblings of PDD children at both times when compared with siblings of DS and control children, and caregivers of PDd children report the highest levels of distress and depression, and this persists over time.
Perceived competence and behavioral adjustment of siblings of children with autism
Results reveal that siblings of autistic children have more internalizing and externalizing behavior problems than siblings of developmentally normal children; however, the three groups did not differ significantly on measures of preceived self-competence or parents' report of social competence.
Brief Report: Behavioral Adjustment of Siblings of Children with Autism
  • R. Hastings
  • Psychology
    Journal of autism and developmental disorders
  • 2003
Analysis of variables predicting sibling behavioral adjustment revealed that boys with siblings who have autism, and also those younger than their sibling with autism, engaged in fewer prosocial behaviors.
Psychosocial adjustment in siblings of children with autism.
  • L. Kaminsky, D. Dewey
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, and allied disciplines
  • 2002
Results indicated that siblings of children with autism, as well as comparison siblings, were well adjusted and reported low levels of loneliness.