Adipokinetic Hormone and Flight Fuel Related Characteristics of Density-Dependent Locust Phase Polymorphism: A Review

@article{Pener1997AdipokineticHA,
  title={Adipokinetic Hormone and Flight Fuel Related Characteristics of Density-Dependent Locust Phase Polymorphism: A Review},
  author={Meir Paul Pener and Amir Ayali and Esther Golenser},
  journal={Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B},
  year={1997},
  volume={117},
  pages={513-524}
}
Neurophysiological studies of flight-related density-dependent phase characteristics in locusts.
TLDR
Density-dependent phase differences in interneuron activity pattern and properties well reflect and may be at least partially responsible to behavioral flight-related characteristics in desert locusts.
Neural correlates to flight-related density-dependent phase characteristics in locusts.
TLDR
D density-dependent differences in flight-related sensory and central neural elements in the desert locust reflect behavioral phase characteristics.
Differences in adipokinetic response of Pyrrhocoris apterus (Heteroptera) in relation to wing dimorphism and diapause
TLDR
Wing morph‐ and diapause‐related differences in the content of haemolymph lipids and adipokinetic response, respectively, are discussed in relation to the different roles of two wing morphs in the life history of this heteropteran.
Nutritional imbalance suppresses migratory phenotypes of the Mongolian locust (Oedaleus asiaticus)
TLDR
The results support the more nuanced hypothesis that high-quality diets promote development of migratory characteristics when migration is physiologically challenging.
The locust foraging gene.
TLDR
The results suggest that differences in PKG enzyme activity are correlated to well-established phase-related behavioral differences, and lay the groundwork for functional studies of the locust for gene and its possible relations to locust phase polyphenism.
Substantial changes in central nervous system neurotransmitters and neuromodulators accompany phase change in the locust
TLDR
High-performance liquid chromatography data show that changes in levels of neuroactive substances are widespread in the central nervous system and reflect the time course of behavioural and physiological phase change in desert locusts.
Cell biology of the adipokinetic hormone‐producing neurosecretory cells in the locust corpus cardiacum
The adipokinetic cells are neuron‐like unipolar cells, the cell bodies and cell processes of which are intermingled within the glandular part of the corpus cardiacum. In Schistocerca gregaria, they
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TLDR
It is concluded that isolated locusts have a rather coarse adipokinetic strategy focused on a single long‐distance migratory flight, whereas gregarious locUSTs possess a fine adipokinetics balance for reiterative migratory flights and saving fuel reserves for unpredictable long-distance migrations.
Adipokinetic hormone content of the corpora cardiaca in gregarious and solitary migratory locusts
TLDR
From the age of 12–19 days to that of 25–30 days, AKH content increased significantly in the corpora cardiaca of crowded locusts, but no such increase was found in the glands of isolated locUSTs, and at 25-30 days there were no significant differences in the AKHcontent of the glands from crowded and isolated locustS.
Development of imaginal competence to adipokinetic hormone in Locusta: lipid and carbohydrate levels, and glycogen phosphorylase activity in precocene‐induced adultiforms
Abstract. Adipokinetic responses to injection of synthetic adipokinetic hormone I (sAKH) were investigated in precocene‐induced fifth‐instar adultiforms and in chemically allatectomized but
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF NEUROPEPTIDES FROM THE CORPORA CARDIACA OF SOLITARY AND GREGARIOUS LOCUSTA
TLDR
The comparative amounts of the ovary maturating parsin, Lom-OMP, in the CC were dependent on the sexual maturation of the locusts, being nearly similar in maturing isolated locUSTs and immature crowded locustS, but higher in crowded locUSTS when both phases were completely mature.
Age‐related changes in the response to adipokinetic hormone in Locusta migratoria
TLDR
The poor response to adipokinetic hormone in nymphs and newly fledged locusts is not a result of shortage of stored lipid in the fat body and cannot be improved by injection of extra hormone.
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