Adhesion forces between cells of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans or Leptospirillum ferrooxidans and chalcopyrite.

Abstract

The efficiency of copper leaching is improved by bacteria attached to chalcopyrite. Therefore, the study of the attachment mechanism to control leaching is important. The adhesion of three species of leaching microorganisms including Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans and Leptospirillum ferrooxidans to chalcopyrite was investigated by using atomic force microscopy (AFM). The forces were measured with tip-immobilized cells approached to and retracted from the mineral. The results show that both the surface charge and the hydrophobicity of bacteria cells influence the adhesion force. Furthermore, the adhesion force decreased in case the extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) had been removed. In addition, the data indicate that the amount of attached cells increased with increasing adhesion force.

DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfb.2012.01.022

Cite this paper

@article{Zhu2012AdhesionFB, title={Adhesion forces between cells of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans, Acidithiobacillus thiooxidans or Leptospirillum ferrooxidans and chalcopyrite.}, author={Jianyu Zhu and Qian Li and Weifeng Jiao and Hao Jiang and Wolfgang Sand and Jinlan Xia and Xueduan Liu and Wenqing Qin and Guanzhou Qiu and Yuehua Hu and Liyuan Chai}, journal={Colloids and surfaces. B, Biointerfaces}, year={2012}, volume={94}, pages={95-100} }