Adherence to Mediterranean diet and risk of cancer: A systematic review and meta‐analysis of observational studies

@article{Schwingshackl2014AdherenceTM,
  title={Adherence to Mediterranean diet and risk of cancer: A systematic review and meta‐analysis of observational studies},
  author={Lukas Schwingshackl and Georg Hoffmann},
  journal={International Journal of Cancer},
  year={2014},
  volume={135}
}
The aim of this research study was to meta‐analyze the effects of adherence to Mediterranean diet (MD) on overall cancer risk, and different cancer types. Literature search was performed using the electronic databases MEDLINE, SCOPUS and EMBASE until January 10, 2014. Inclusion criteria were cohort or case–control studies. Study specific risk ratios (RRs) were pooled using a random effect model by the Cochrane software package Review Manager 5.2. Twenty‐one cohort studies including 1,368,736… 
Adherence to Mediterranean diet and risk of cancer: an updated systematic review and meta‐analysis of observational studies
TLDR
A prominent and consistent inverse association provided by adherence to an MD in relation to cancer mortality and risk of several cancer types is confirmed and among cancer survivors, the association between the adherence to the highest MD category and riskof cancer mortality, and cancer recurrence was not statistically significant.
Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and Risk of Cancer: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
TLDR
An important inverse association between adherence to a MedD and cancer mortality and risk of several cancer types, especially colorectal cancer is confirmed, and protective effects appear to be most attributable to fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
Adherence to a Mediterranean diet and risk of diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis
TLDR
Greater adherence to a Mediterranean diet is associated with a significant reduction in the risk of diabetes, and these results seem to be clinically relevant for public health, in particular for encouraging a Mediterranean-like dietary pattern for primary prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
An updated systematic review and meta-analysis on adherence to mediterranean diet and risk of cancer
TLDR
It is suggested that highest adherence to the MedDiet was related to lower risk of cancer mortality in the general population, and all-cause mortality among cancer survivors as well as colorectal, head and neck, respiratory, gastric, liver and bladder cancer risks.
Mediterranean diet and colorectal cancer risk: a pooled analysis of three Italian case–control studies
TLDR
This Italian study confirms a favourable role of MD on colorectal cancer risk, and the inverse association was consistent across studies, cancer anatomical subsites and strata of selected covariates.
Adherence to Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-Style Diet and the Risk of Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Cohort Studies
TLDR
DASH-style diet should be suggested as a healthy approach associated with decreased risk of cancer in the community when exploring the association for other cancer types and from regions other than the United States are highly recommended.
Adherence to Mediterranean diet and risk of gastric cancer: results of a case–control study in Italy
TLDR
A beneficial role of high vegetable, legume, and fish consumption, along with low intake of alcohol and meat in the development of GC was showed, indicating a protective role of the MD eating pattern and MD individual components against GC.
The Mediterranean diet and risk of colorectal cancer in the UK Women's Cohort Study.
TLDR
Findings suggest that women adhering to a Mediterranean dietary pattern may have a lower risk of colorectal cancer, especially rectal cancer.
Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies
TLDR
These findings indicate and further quantify that MD exerts a protective effect on the risk of CVD, including CHD and ischemic stroke, but apparently not hemorrhagic stroke.
A Western Dietary Pattern Increases Prostate Cancer Risk: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
TLDR
The small number of studies included in the meta-analysis suggests that further investigation is necessary to support these findings, and no meta- analysis is currently available on dietary patterns defined by “a posteriori” methods.
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