Pure frog retina rod outer segments (ROS) preparations (A280/A500 = 2,1-2,3) catalyze the synthesis of ATP from ADP in the presence of Mg2+. Adenylate kinase (AK) (ATP:AMP phosphotransferase, EC 22.214.171.124) specific activities for ROS preparations are within the range 2-4 mumole per hour for mg protein. The enzymatic activity of investigated preparations is due to intact, but not destroyed ROS. The component which possesses AK is found in water-soluble, but not in membranous ROS fractions and seems to be a part of the predominant ROS plasma protein--GTP-binding complex of transducin. It has been shown, that this component is the T beta subunit of transducin and its enzymatic activity is controlled by other subunits of the transducin complex. The obtained results indicate that GDP kinase (ATP:GDP phosphotransferase, EC 126.96.36.199) activity of transducin depends on the work of both of T beta and T alpha subunits. It has been shown that in the ROS preparations synthesis of the ATP from ADP and GDP phosphorylation are stimulated by a lowering of Ca2+ concentration (less than 10(-5)-10(-7) M). T beta component is suggested to play the role of phosphotransferase which phosphorylates GDP associated with the T alpha subunits and it leads to formation of a complex T alpha X GTP which is an activator of vertebrate retina ROS phosphodiesterase.