[Adenylate kinase and GDP-kinase activity of rod outer segments in the frog retina. Possible functional role of the T beta subunit of transducin].

Abstract

Pure frog retina rod outer segments (ROS) preparations (A280/A500 = 2,1-2,3) catalyze the synthesis of ATP from ADP in the presence of Mg2+. Adenylate kinase (AK) (ATP:AMP phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.4.3) specific activities for ROS preparations are within the range 2-4 mumole per hour for mg protein. The enzymatic activity of investigated preparations is due to intact, but not destroyed ROS. The component which possesses AK is found in water-soluble, but not in membranous ROS fractions and seems to be a part of the predominant ROS plasma protein--GTP-binding complex of transducin. It has been shown, that this component is the T beta subunit of transducin and its enzymatic activity is controlled by other subunits of the transducin complex. The obtained results indicate that GDP kinase (ATP:GDP phosphotransferase, EC 2.7.4.6) activity of transducin depends on the work of both of T beta and T alpha subunits. It has been shown that in the ROS preparations synthesis of the ATP from ADP and GDP phosphorylation are stimulated by a lowering of Ca2+ concentration (less than 10(-5)-10(-7) M). T beta component is suggested to play the role of phosphotransferase which phosphorylates GDP associated with the T alpha subunits and it leads to formation of a complex T alpha X GTP which is an activator of vertebrate retina ROS phosphodiesterase.

Cite this paper

@article{Tishchenkov1984AdenylateKA, title={[Adenylate kinase and GDP-kinase activity of rod outer segments in the frog retina. Possible functional role of the T beta subunit of transducin].}, author={V G Tishchenkov and N Ia Orlov}, journal={Molekuliarnaia biologiia}, year={1984}, volume={18 3}, pages={776-85} }