It has been shown that the human fat cell adenylate cyclase is activated by prostaglandins. Of the prostaglandins tested the E-type by causing about a 3-fold increase of enzyme activity, was more effective than the F-prostaglandins. Prostaglandin A2 had no stimulatory effect. Activation by prostaglandin E1 was not influenced by beta-adrenergic blockade in contrast to stimulation by epinephrine. Pretreatment of fat cells with trypsin resulted in an abolishment of PTH-sensitivity, but had no effect on prostaglandin responsiveness. These results suggest that the human fat cell adenylate cyclase is coupled to at least three distinct types of hormone receptors.