Addressing the threats to biodiversity from oil-palm agriculture

@article{Wilcove2009AddressingTT,
  title={Addressing the threats to biodiversity from oil-palm agriculture},
  author={David S. Wilcove and Lian Pin Koh},
  journal={Biodiversity and Conservation},
  year={2009},
  volume={19},
  pages={999-1007}
}
Oil-palm agriculture is the greatest immediate threat to biodiversity in Southeast Asia. Despite the efforts of environmentalists, oil palm continues to expand across the tropics. Those concerned about the impacts of oil palm on biodiversity must face some harsh social, economic, and ecological realities: (i) oil palm has been a very profitable crop; (ii) palm oil is used in so many products that simple, direct actions, such as boycotts, are unlikely to succeed; (iii) there is currently… 

Figures from this paper

Oil Palm Plantation Development : An Emerging Threat to Biodiversity Conservation in Oban Division of Cross River National Park , Nigeria
Oil palm is being promoted as one of the economic crops in Nigeria; currently its establishment in large plantations is receiving greater attention as a strategy for poverty reduction in Nigeria
Ecological impacts of biodiversity enrichment in oil palm plantations
Land-use change is one of the major drivers of biodiversity loss. To satisfy the demand for palm oil in food and biofuel, complex, species-rich rainforests are converted into large, simply-structured
Evolution of sustainable palm oil policy in Southeast Asia
Abstract Over the years large areas of primary and secondary forest have been cut or burned down to make way for oil palm plantations, particularly in Indonesia and Malaysia, the two countries which
Mitigating the biodiversity impacts of oil palm development
TLDR
A review of the documented biodiversity impacts of oil palm, followed by a description of conceptual frameworks for mitigation, and a critique of five emerging mitigation tools: the High Conservation Value approach, land-use advocacy, carbon offsets, biodiversity banking and enhanced regulation and enforcement.
Improving the performance of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil for nature conservation.
TLDR
The RSPO has considerable potential to improve the environmental performance of producers and users of palm oil and identify some specific ways it can become more effective in reducing threats to tropical ecosystems.
A Review of Southeast Asian Oil Palm and Its CO2 Fluxes
Palm oil production is a key industry in tropical regions, driven by the demand for affordable vegetable oil. Palm oil production has been increasing by 9% every year, mostly due to expanding biofuel
The impact of oil palm on rural livelihoods and tropical forest landscapes in Latin America
Abstract Does oil palm boost agricultural growth and reduce rural poverty, or is it a threat to rural livelihoods and tropical forest landscapes? This paper introduces a Special Issue on this
ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL IMPACTS OF OIL PALM CULTIVATION ON TROPICAL PEAT A SCIENTIFIC REVIEW
This report provides a review of available scientific information and published literature on impacts of using tropical peat for oil palm cultivation in Southeast Asia. It describes carbon flows and
The global palm oil sector must change to save biodiversity and improve food security in the tropics.
TLDR
It is argued that sourcing sustainable palm oil should not be determined by commercial certification alone and that the certification process should be revisited, and plantation companies should be required to make their existing production landscapes more compatible with enhanced biodiversity conservation.
Environmental consequences of the palm oil industry in Malaysia
There is a growing global demand for palm oil – a vegetable oil used in various products such as margarine and biofuel. Since 1961 the Malaysian palm oil production has experienced a 185-fold
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 28 REFERENCES
Is oil palm agriculture really destroying tropical biodiversity
TLDR
Using data on bird and butterfly diversity in Malaysia’s forests and croplands, it is argued that conversion of either primary or secondary forests to oil palm may result in significant biodiversity losses, whereas conversion of pre-existing cropland (rubber) to oil palms results in fewer losses.
The livelihood impacts of oil palm: smallholders in Indonesia
The biodiversity and climate consequences of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) expansion across South East Asia have received considerable attention. The human side of the issue, highlighted with reports
Improving the performance of the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil for nature conservation.
TLDR
The RSPO has considerable potential to improve the environmental performance of producers and users of palm oil and identify some specific ways it can become more effective in reducing threats to tropical ecosystems.
Is Oil Palm the Next Emerging Threat to the Amazon?
The Amazon Basin appears poised to experience rapid expansion of oil palm agriculture. Nearly half of Amazonia is suitable for oil palm cultivation, and Malaysian corporations are now moving into the
Cashing in palm oil for conservation
TLDR
Campaigning groups could buy small tracts of existing oil palm plantations, and use the revenue they generate to establish a network of privately owned nature reserves, to combine sustainable economic growth with biodiversity conservation.
How will oil palm expansion affect biodiversity?
TLDR
Large biodiversity losses will only be averted if future oil palm expansion is managed to avoid deforestation, and strong overlap between areas suitable for oil palm and those of most importance for biodiversity is reviewed.
Biofuel plantations on forested lands: double jeopardy for biodiversity and climate.
TLDR
Reducing deforestation is likely to represent a more effective climate-change mitigation strategy than converting forest for biofuel production, and it may help nations meet their international commitments to reduce biodiversity loss.
Can oil palm plantations be made more hospitable for forest butterflies and birds
TLDR
Whether the biodiversity of oil palm plantations can be increased by determining how forest-dwelling butterflies and birds in these plantations are affected by vegetation characteristics at the local level and by natural forest cover at the landscape level is investigated.
Oil palm: disinformation enables deforestation.
In a recent article in Trends in Ecology and Evolution, Fitzherbert et al. [1] discuss the exponential expansion of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) agriculture. The article sounds a warning call about
Fuelling the biodiversity crisis: species loss of ground-dwelling forest ants in oil palm plantations in Sabah, Malaysia (Borneo)
TLDR
Study of the community of ground-dwelling ants in different plantations in Sabah, Malaysia, over 2 years using tuna baiting revealed that the oil palm plantation ground ant community was severely reduced in species richness in comparison to the forest interior, regardless of age, undergrowth cover, or proximity to neighbouring forest.
...
1
2
3
...