Addressing the Challenge of P-Value and Sample Size when the Significance is Borderline: The Test of Random Duplication of Participants as a New Approach

  title={Addressing the Challenge of P-Value and Sample Size when the Significance is Borderline: The Test of Random Duplication of Participants as a New Approach},
  author={Jose Gaby Tshikuka and Mgaywa Gilbert Mjungu Damas Magafu and Mooketsi Molefi and Tiny Masupe and Reginald Matchaba-Hove and Bontle Mbongwe and Roy Tapera},
  journal={International Journal of Statistics in Medical Research},
The issue of borderline p -value seems to divide health scientists into two schools of thought. One school of thought argues that when the p -value is greater than or equal to the statistical significance cut-off level of 0.05, it should not be considered statistically significant and the null hypothesis should be accepted no matter how close the p -value is to the 0.05. The other school of thought believes that by doing so one might be committing a Type 2 error and possibly missing valuable… 
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