Addressable microfluidic polymer chip for DNA-directed immobilization of oligonucleotide-tagged compounds.

Abstract

A microfluidic polymer chip for the self-assembly of DNA conjugates through DNA-directed immobilization is developed. The chip is fabricated from two parts, one of which contains a microfluidic channel produced from poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) by replica-casting technique using a mold prepared by photolithographic techniques. The microfluidic part is sealed by covalent bonding with a chemically activated glass slide containing a DNA oligonucleotide microarray. The dimension of the PDMS-glass microfluidic chip is equivalent to standard microscope slides (76 x 26 mm(2)). The DNA microarray surface inside the microfluidic channels is configured through conventional spotting, and the resulting DNA patches can be conveniently addressed with compounds containing complementary DNA tags. To demonstrate the utility of the addressable surface within the microfluidic channel, DNA-directed immobilization (DDI) of DNA-modified gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) and DNA-conjugates of the enzymes glucose oxidase (GOx) and horseradish peroxidase (HRP) are carried out. DDI of AuNPs is used to demonstrate site selectivity and reversibility of the surface-modification process. In the case of the DNA-enzyme conjugates, the patterned assembly of the two enzymes allows the establishment and investigation of the coupled reaction of GOx and HRP, with particular emphasis on surface coverage and lateral flow rates. The results demonstrate that this addressable chip is well suited for the generation of fluidically coupled multi-enzyme microreactors.

DOI: 10.1002/smll.200801016

Cite this paper

@article{Schrder2009AddressableMP, title={Addressable microfluidic polymer chip for DNA-directed immobilization of oligonucleotide-tagged compounds.}, author={Hendrik Schr{\"{o}der and Linda Hoffmann and Joachim D. Mueller and Petra Alhorn and Markus Fleger and Andreas Neyer and Christof M Niemeyer}, journal={Small}, year={2009}, volume={5 13}, pages={1547-52} }