Additive and interactive effects on response time distributions in visual word recognition.


Across 3 different word recognition tasks, distributional analyses were used to examine the joint effects of stimulus quality and word frequency on underlying response time distributions. Consistent with the extant literature, stimulus quality and word frequency produced additive effects in lexical decision, not only in the means but also in the shape of the response time distributions, supporting an early normalization process that is separate from processes influenced by word frequency. In contrast, speeded pronunciation and semantic classification produced interactive influences of word frequency and stimulus quality, which is a fundamental prediction from interactive activation models of lexical processing. These findings suggest that stimulus normalization is specific to lexical decision and is driven by the task's emphasis on familiarity-based information.

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@article{Yap2007AdditiveAI, title={Additive and interactive effects on response time distributions in visual word recognition.}, author={Melvin J. Yap and David A. Balota}, journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition}, year={2007}, volume={33 2}, pages={274-96} }