Additions and changes to Ficus (Moraceae) in New Guinea with comments on the world’s largest fig

  title={Additions and changes to Ficus (Moraceae) in New Guinea with comments on the world’s largest fig},
  author={Zacky Ezedin and George D. Weiblen},
  journal={Gardens' Bulletin Singapore},
Two new species of Ficus in New Guinea are described and a third species is resurrected to improve the classification of Ficus sect. Dammaropsis, sect. Sycidium, and sect. Papuasyce. Ficus sect. Dammaropsis is extraordinary in producing by far the world’s largest known figs. New morphological, ecological, and molecular observations support recognising as separate species the lowland and highland forms of Ficus dammaropsis (Warb.) Diels sensu lato. The lowland form, described here as Ficus… 

Figures from this paper

Unraveling the extreme morphological variation in the neotropical Ficus aurea complex (subg. Spherosuke, sect. Americanae, Moraceae)

Geography and rainfall variables show significant covariation related to the morphometric variation of syconia but not to leaf shape, and it is proposed that the four forms should be repositioned into the specific rank.

Ficus motuoensis (Moraceae), a new species from southwest China

A new climbing species, Ficus motuoensis Zhen Zhang & Hong Qing Li in Moraceae from southwest China has been described and illustrated, indicating that it could be very useful for exploring the biogeography of sect.

Interactions Between Figs and Gall-Inducing Fig Wasps: Adaptations, Constraints, and Unanswered Questions

  • R. Borges
  • Biology
    Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution
  • 2021
This manuscript calls for an integrated approach that incorporates such diverse fields as life-history theory, plant mate choice, wasp sexual selection and local mate competition, plant embryology as well as seed and fruit dispersal to jointly solve the many valuable questions that can be addressed in community ecology, co-evolution and species interaction biology.

Compound Specific Trends of Chemical Defences in Ficus Along an Elevational Gradient Reflect a Complex Selective Landscape

The correlation of alkaloids and polyphenols with elevation in a community of nine Ficus species along a continuously forested elevational gradient in Papua New Guinea showed an elevational increase in flavonoids and alkaloid concentration and diversity, and the drivers behind these trends likely differ.




Two subgenera, Pharmaeosycea and Urostigma, suggest a southern migration, but the third subgenus Ficus suggests a northern origin and dispersal, and the facts are based on monographic revision of the species of Asia and Australasia.

On the origin of the fig: phylogenetic relationships of Moraceae from ndhF sequences.

The chloroplast gene ndhF is sequenced to examine relationships in Moraceae and to elucidate shifts in reproductive traits, and strong support for the sister-group relationship of a revised Castilleae with Ficus suggests that entomophily and involucral bracts encircling the flowers preceded the evolution of the syconium.

Ficus dammaropsis and the Multibracteate Species of Ficus Sect. Sycocarpus

The syconium of F. dammaropsis (New Guinea) is presented as the the primitive state of this structure in the advanced sect. Sycocarpus. The rare F. griffithii (Burma, Thailand) may be related to F.

Fig‐eating by vertebrate frugivores: a global review

The consumption of figs by vertebrates is reviewed using data from the literature, unpublished accounts and new field data from Borneo and Hong Kong, supporting previous claims that Ficus is the most important plant genus for tropical frugivores.

Phylogeny, biogeography, and ecology of Ficus section Malvanthera (Moraceae).

Phylogenetic relationships of functionally dioecious FICUS (Moraceae) based on ribosomal DNA sequences and morphology.

The associations of pollinating fig wasps were congruent with host fig phylogeny and further supported a revised classification of Ficus and suggested that functionally dioecious figs are not monophyletic and that monoecious subg.

Ficobracon brusi gen. nov. & spec. nov. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae), a parasitoid reared from figs in Papua New Guinea

A new genus (Ficobracon gen. nov.) of the subfamily Braconinae (Hymenoptera; Braconidae) is reported from figs of Ficus wassa Roxb.

Morphological Evolution in the Mulberry Family (Moraceae)

A revised tribal classification is presented and a new tribe, Maclureae is described, revise the membership of tribe Castilleae and describe two subtribes, Castillineae and Antiaropsineae, and reinstate the genera Malaisia and Sloetia.

Revision of Ficus

The purpose of this note is to request intensified collection of Ficus, because it is possible to name satisfactorily sterile material and only too often, valuable sterile material is left uncollected.

Pollination and parasitism in functionally dioecious figs

This study studied the fig pollinator mutualism in 14 functionally dioecious fig species and one monoecious species from tropical lowland rainforests near Madang, Papua New Guinea to suggest increased pollinator production without a corresponding decrease in seed production could provide an advantage for diaecy in conditions where pollinators are limiting.