Adding Apples and Oranges: Alignment of Semantic and Formal Knowledge

  title={Adding Apples and Oranges: Alignment of Semantic and Formal Knowledge},
  author={Miriam Bassok and Valerie M. Chase and Shirley A. Martin},
  journal={Cognitive Psychology},
We show that the same mechanism that mediates analogical reasoning (i.e., structural alignment) leads to interpretive "content effects" in reasoning about arithmetic word problems. Specifically, we show that both college students and textbook writers tend to construct arithmetic word problems that maintain systematic correspondence between the semantic relations that people infer from pairs of real-world objects (e.g., apples and baskets support the semantic relation CONTAIN [content, container… 

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