Addendum: Child Transport, Family Size, and Increase in Human Population During the Neolithic

  title={Addendum: Child Transport, Family Size, and Increase in Human Population During the Neolithic},
  author={Robert Wald Sussman and Roberta L. Hall},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={258 - 267}
While in the 20-year period between World Wars I and II the birth rate in Poland first decreased and then increased, in the (more than 20-year) period between World War II and the present the birth rate first increased and then decreased. The manifest improvement in the living conditions of the population in recent years has caused a very insignificant rise in the birth rate. In the first postwar years, the countryside, less destroyed than the cities, showed a higher birth rate, while from 1950… 

The Modern Demographic Transition: An Analysis of Subsistence Choices and Reproductive Consequences

This paper argues that fertility transition in contemporary societies occurs when changes in the labor market and the opportunity structure produce a situation in which personal material well-being

Prehistoric Demography in a Time of Globalization

The signal of a relatively abrupt increase, in the immature proportion of skeleton is observed in cemeteries during the foraging-farming transition. This signal is interpreted as the signature of a

Explaining the Neolithic Demographic Transition

  • J. Bocquet-Appel
  • Economics
    The Neolithic Demographic Transition and its Consequences
  • 2008
Three main questions are raised in this chapter. 1. The part of the signal of the NDT which is demographically identifiable, based on the proportion of the immature skeletons in cemeteries, shows

The Agricultural Demographic Transition During and After the Agriculture Inventions

An abrupt increase in fertility has been recorded in data from 200 cemeteries and ethnographic data ranging from the Meso-Neolithic Eurasian center in the Levant to the arctic circle in the North

Female Infanticide, European Diseases and Population Levels among the Mackenzie Dene

  • J. Hel
  • Environmental Science
  • 1980
Selective female infanticide by the Dene hunting tribes of Subarctic Canada is noted in the historical and ethnographic record. Unusually extensive and complete census data on two generations of

Demographic Consequences of Infanticide in Man

This review underlines the great potential impact of infanticide as a means of population regulation with social structural implications and explores potential demographic and social effects on the basis of a few examples.

Part I: Reproductive choices and behavior: A test of two theories of fertility variation with data from Monrovia, Liberia

Abstract In attempting to account for the absence of a demographic transition in Africa, Caldwell (1977) has suggested that currently high fertility levels stem from a cultural system in which

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Demographers have been incorrect in their assumption that all preindustrial peoples have possessed values similar to those of modern predominantly agricultural underdeveloped countries with high fertility and high mortality.

Paleodemography, Burial Customs, and Food Producing Economy at the Beginning of the Holocene: A Perspective from the Southern Levant

It is today widely recognized that in the Near East, the shift from a hunting gathering way of life to a food-producing, farming economy occurred during the Pre-Pottery Neolithic period (hereafter

Zooarchaeological Measures of Hunting Pressure and Occupation Intensity in the Natufian

  • N. Munro
  • Environmental Science
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  • 2004
Climatic change, population pressure, and environmental stress are frequently cited as major catalysts for the adoption of agriculture. The role of these factors immediately prior to the agricultural



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This study investigates the decline of fertility in the Southern Appalachian Mountainl Region. Fertility rates of the white population were computed for each of the 190 counties included in the

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Abstract Population data collected during an anthropological expedition to the Pacific Island of Tikopia in 1952-3 are compared with similar data collected in 1929, supplemented by the somewhat

Pre‐Marital Sex and Social Control among the Rotumans1

The island of Rotuma is located some 300 miles to the north of the Fiji group, on the western fringe of Polynesia. It is a volcanic island of about 17 square miles, and supports a population of

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While in 1920 birth rates in Hamtramck, Michigan, an immigrant Polish Catholic community, were much above the general United States population, by 1950 they were very similar. Although the pattern of

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Summary Analysis of the 1940 Census of Peru discloses marked fertility differentials between urban and rural areas which are accounted for in terms of a lower incidence of motherhood in urban areas.

Population dynamics of an atoll community

A 1960 census of population for Ulithi atoll in Micronesia permits comparison with a prior enumeration conducted in 1949, and changes in fertility reflect an increase in the average number of children per mother and a decline in childless women, rather than a more favourable distribution of females in child-bearing ages.

Sources of Social Change in Community, Family, and Fertility in a Puerto Rican Town

  • J. Scott
  • Business
    American Journal of Sociology
  • 1967
This general hypothesis that there is a correlation between two typologies each having eight family types reflecting "urbanity" on one hand and "familism" on the other hand is tested in a small Puerto Rican town specifically selected because it was under the impact of economic and social change.

Population Problems in the Pacific

A discussion at the Sydney meeting of the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science afforded a welcome opportunity for taking stock of the advance that has been made in the interval towards a real understanding of the factors involved.

Population Growth and Cultural Change

  • D. Dumond
  • Economics
    Southwestern Journal of Anthropology
  • 1965
W HEN treating matters of cultural change and development, it is common for anthropologists either to ignore the factor of population size, or to treat population size as a simple dependent of

The Cocos-Keeling Islands: a demographic laboratory.

Abstract The Cocos Islands, which are situated in the Indian Ocean approximately halfway between Colombo and Fremantle, were first peopled early in the nineteenth century and were gradually developed