Adaptive control for backward quadrupedal walking. II. Hindlimb muscle synergies.

@article{Buford1990AdaptiveCF,
  title={Adaptive control for backward quadrupedal walking. II. Hindlimb muscle synergies.},
  author={John A. Buford and Judith L. Smith},
  journal={Journal of neurophysiology},
  year={1990},
  volume={64 3},
  pages={756-66}
}
1. To compare the basic hindlimb synergies for backward (BWD) and forward (FWD) walking, electromyograms (EMG) were recorded from selected flexor and extensor muscles of the hip, knee, and ankle joints from four cats trained to perform both forms of walking at a moderate walking speed (0.6 m/s). For each muscle, EMG measurements included burst duration, burst latencies referenced to the time of paw contact or paw off, and integrated burst amplitudes. To relate patterns of muscle activity to… CONTINUE READING