Adaptive Responses to Social Exclusion

  title={Adaptive Responses to Social Exclusion},
  author={Michael J. Bernstein and Steven G. Young and Christina M. Brown and Donald F. Sacco and Heather M. Claypool},
  journal={Psychological Science},
  pages={981 - 983}

Figures from this paper

Social exclusion enhances affiliative signaling

Whether feelings of exclusion lead people to selectively reciprocate the facial expressions of more affiliative-looking people is examined, and Affiliative social regulation is discussed as a possible explanation for these effects.

Social exclusion modulates dual mechanisms of cognitive control: Evidence from ERPs

Insight is provided on how social exclusion influences cognitive control and promising implications for designing effective interventions to relieve the negative impact of social exclusion are suggested.

The effects of social exclusion on processing of social information - A cognitive psychology perspective.

The research investigating the effects of social exclusion on processing of social information and gaps in understanding are presented and suggestions are provided as to how future research could provide a more detailed view on how exclusion modulates social information processing are provided.

From ‘likes’ to unfriending: the need to belong and relational information on Facebook

Humans are fundamentally social creatures, interacting with other people through face-to-face interactions and through the use of social media. According to the theoretical framework of the need to

Social exclusion induces early-stage perceptual and behavioral changes in response to social cues

It is found that zygomaticus major muscle activity, which reflects facial mimicry, was larger in response to smiling faces after exclusion than after inclusion, and N170 amplitude,which reflects structural encoding of the face, was correlated with heightened need threat.

When a Smile Changes into Evil: Pitfalls of Smiles Following Social Exclusion

People have a fundamental and a critical need to belong. Social exclusion impairs this need and rejected individuals must seek to regain acceptance from others. It is known that such individuals show

Show your teeth or not: The role of the mouth and eyes in smiles and its cross-cultural variations

Abstract Previous studies with Westerners have found that both the mouth and eyes are crucial in identifying and interpreting smiles. We proposed that Easterners (e.g., Chinese and Japanese) evaluate

Facing social exclusion: a facial EMG examination of the reaffiliative function of smiling

ABSTRACT Social exclusion influences how expressions are perceived and the tendency of the perceiver to mimic them. However, less is known about social exclusion’s effect on one’s own facial

Friends with benefits: on the positive consequences of pet ownership.

Pet owners enjoyed better well-being when their pets fulfilled social needs better, and the support that pets provided complemented rather than competed with human sources.

Challenges in detecting proximal effects of existential threat on lie detection accuracy

The present work documents our investigation of proximal (i.e., immediate) effects of existential threat on the process of lie detection. Specifically, we hypothesized that lie detection accuracy



The Social Outcast : Ostracism, Social Exclusion, Rejection, and Bullying

The Social Outcast: Introduction, Kipling D. Williams, Joseph P. Forgas, William von Hippel & Lisa Zadro. Part I. Theoretical Foundations. Ostracism: The Indiscriminate Early Detection System,

Advances in Psychology Research

Preface A Review Trait Meta-Mood Research The Effects of Perceptions on Mode Choice Child and Adolescent Psychiatry: What do We Know About the Child with Rheumatic Disease? Internet Activities to

Smile asymmetries and reputation as reliable indicators of likelihood to cooperate: An evolutionary analysis

Cooperating with individuals whose altruism is not motivated by genuine prosocial emotions could have been costly in ancestral division of labour partnerships. How do humans ‘know’ whether or not an

Smiles when lying.

Subtle differences among forms of smiling distinguished when subjects were truthful and when they lied about experiencing pleasant feelings, and when smiling was treated as a unitary phenomenon.

Cyberostracism: effects of being ignored over the Internet.

The more participants were ostracized, the more they reported feeling bad, having less control, and losing a sense of belonging, as well as supporting K. D. Williams's need threat theory of ostracism.

Getting a Cue: The Need to Belong and Enhanced Sensitivity to Social Cues

Evidence is provided that the enhanced performance shown by those high in the need to belong is specific to social perception skills rather than to cognitive problem solving more generally.

The need to belong: desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation.

Existing evidence supports the hypothesis that the need to belong is a powerful, fundamental, and extremely pervasive motivation, and people form social attachments readily under most conditions and resist the dissolution of existing bonds.

The Duchenne smile: emotional expression and brain physiology. II.

The Duchenne smile was related to enjoyment in terms of occurring more often during the pleasant than the unpleasant films, in measures of cerebral asymmetry, and in relation to subjective reports of positive emotions, and other smiling was not.

Social Exclusion and Selective Memory: How the Need to belong Influences Memory for Social Events

The need to belong has been forwarded as a pervasive human motive, influencing a range of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral responses. The current research explored the influence of belongingness