Adaptive Evolution in Cities: Progress and Misconceptions.

  title={Adaptive Evolution in Cities: Progress and Misconceptions.},
  author={Max R. Lambert and Kristien I. Brans and Simone Des Roches and Colin M. Donihue and Sarah E. Diamond},
  journal={Trends in ecology \& evolution},
Adaptation to urban environments.
Parallel evolution of urban-rural clines in melanism in a widespread mammal
It is shown the prevalence of melanism was positively associated with urbanization as measured by impervious cover and novel traits can evolve in a highly repeatable manner among urban areas, modified by factors intrinsic to individual cities, including their size, land cover, and climate.
Parallel evolution of urban–rural clines in melanism in a widespread mammal
Urbanization is the dominant trend of global land use change. The replicated nature of environmental change associated with urbanization should drive parallel evolution, yet insight into the
Discovering and Applying the Urban Rules of Life to Design Sustainable and Healthy Cities.
Studying the translation of the rules of life onto the urban environment will result in an integrative and cross-cutting set of questions and hypotheses, and will foster a dialogue among citizens about the focus of urban biome research and its application toward making more equitable, healthy, livable, sustainable, and biodiverse cities.
Large positive ecological changes of small urban greening actions
It is demonstrated how large ecological benefits may be derived from investing in small greening actions and how these contribute to bring indigenous species back to greenspaces where they have become rare or locally extinct.
Consistent signatures of urban adaptation in a native, urban invader ant Tapinoma sessile
This study explores and compares the population genetic and breeding structure of T. sessile within and between urban and natural environments in several localities across its distribution range and found the social structure of a colony to be a plastic trait in both habitats, although extreme polygyny was confined to urban habitats.
Consistent signatures of urban adaptation in a native, urban invader ant Tapinoma sessile.
It is found the social structure of a colony to be a plastic trait in both habitats, although extreme polygyny was confined to urban habitats, suggesting T. sessile can only achieve supercoloniality within urbanized areas.
Urbanization extends flight phenology and leads to local adaptation of seasonal plasticity in Lepidoptera
The test for the urban evolution of seasonal life-history plasticity, specifically changes in the photoperiodic induction of diapause in two lepidopterans, suggest that seasonal life cycle regulation evolves in urban ectotherms and may contribute to ecoevolutionary dynamics in cities.
Wildlife Exploitation of Anthropogenic Change: Interactions and Consequences
Anthropogenic environmental change is continuing to accelerate globally and has important ecological consequences for virtually all life on Earth. There is extensive knowledge of the costs of


Adaptive evolution in urban ecosystems
It is believed that studying evolution in urban contexts can provide insights into fundamental evolutionary biology questions on rate, direction, and repeatability of evolution, and may inform species and ecosystem service conservation efforts.
Adaptation and Adaptedness of Organisms to Urban Environments
The urgent need to refine the terminology currently used to describe the adaptation of organisms to urban environments in order to improve scientific understanding and more effectively identify and communicate the actions required to create biodiversity- and adaptedness is highlighted.
A roadmap for urban evolutionary ecology
This Perspective article provides a research agenda and roadmap for future research aimed at advancing the understanding of the interplay between ecology and evolution of urban‐dwelling organisms and identifies six key questions that would significantly increase understanding of how urbanization influences evolutionary processes.
Eco-evolutionary dynamics in an urbanizing planet.
  • M. Alberti
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    Trends in ecology & evolution
  • 2015
The ecological and evolutionary consequences of systemic racism in urban environments
How social inequalities shape ecological and evolutionary processes in U.S. cities is shown, highlighting the need for research that integrates justice perspectives with ecological and developmental dynamics in urban eco-evolutionary studies.
Evolution of life in urban environments
The suite of pressures that urban environments exert, the ways in which species may (or may not) adapt, and the larger impact of these evolutionary events on natural processes and human populations are reviewed.
Evolutionary Dynamics of Metacommunities in Urbanized Landscapes
As urbanization leads to repeated, marked environmental gradients in space, it provides an ideal ‘natural’ experiment to study how evolving metacommunities, in which evolutionary and community
Urban Evolutionary Ecology and the Potential Benefits of Implementing Genomics
A comprehensive review of previous urban ecological studies, with special focus on the molecular ecology and phenotypic adjustments documented in urban terrestrial and amphibious fauna is provided.
Urbanization drives the evolution of parallel clines in plant populations
It is suggested that populations are adapting to urbanization gradients, but regional climatic patterns may ultimately determine whether adaptation occurs.
Urban biodiversity management using evolutionary tools
A framework for integrating evolutionary principles into the management of urban biodiversity is presented and a suite of example management tools and their potential evolutionary implications are discussed—both their opportunities for and potential consequence to management.