Adaptive Comanagement for Building Resilience in Social–Ecological Systems

  title={Adaptive Comanagement for Building Resilience in Social–Ecological Systems},
  author={Per Olsson and Carl Folke and Fikret Berkes},
  journal={Environmental Management},
Ecosystems are complex adaptive systems that require flexible governance with the ability to respond to environmental feedback. We present, through examples from Sweden and Canada, the development of adaptive comanagement systems, showing how local groups self-organize, learn, and actively adapt to and shape change with social networks that connect institutions and organizations across levels and scales and that facilitate information flows. The development took place through a sequence of… 
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