Adapting to a Multicultural Future

@article{Crisp2012AdaptingTA,
  title={Adapting to a Multicultural Future},
  author={Richard J. Crisp and Rose Meleady},
  journal={Science},
  year={2012},
  volume={336},
  pages={853 - 855}
}
Humans have an evolved propensity to think categorically about social groups. This propensity is manifest in cognitive processes that have broad implications for public and political endorsement of multicultural policy. Drawing on these principles, we postulate a cognitive-evolutionary account of human adaptation to social diversity. This account explains broad social trends marking a resistance to multiculturalism, while providing an important reorienting call for scholars and policy-makers… 
University of Birmingham Humans adapt to social diversity over time
Humans have evolved cognitive processes favoring homogeneity, stability, and structure. These processes are, however, incompatible with a socially diverse world, raising wide academic and political
Humans adapt to social diversity over time
TLDR
It is suggested that humans are initially inclined to react negatively to threats to homogeneity, but that these negative effects are compensated in the long term by the beneficial effects of intergroup contact, which alleviates initial negative influences.
Diversity and prosocial behavior
TLDR
This work identifies two features of modern societies—social differentiation and economic interdependence—that can set the stage for constructive interactions with dissimilar others.
Parochialism, social norms, and discrimination against immigrants
TLDR
The results suggest that eliminating or suppressing ascriptive differences is not a necessary path to conflict reduction in multicultural societies; rather, achieving a shared understanding of civic behavior can form the basis of cooperation.
Conceptualizing psychological processes in response to globalization: Components, antecedents, and consequences of global orientations.
TLDR
The present research proposed a construct termed global orientation to denote individual differences in the psychological processes of acculturating to the globalizing world, which encompasses multicultural acquisition as a proactive response and ethnic protection as a defensive response to globalization.
How Does the Majority Public React to Multiculturalist Policies? A Comparative Analysis of European Countries
Migration and ethnic minority integration remain heavily contested issues in numerous European countries. Over the past decade, researchers and political commentators have observed an apparent
As diversity increases, people paradoxically perceive social groups as more similar
TLDR
Worldwide, nationwide, individual, and longitudinal datasets revealed a diversity paradox: More diversity consistently meant less stereotype dispersion, and both contextual and perceived ethnic diversity correlate with decreased stereotype disp immersion.
Reducing dehumanisation outcomes towards Blacks: The role of multiple categorisation and of human identity
This contribution addresses the issue of reduction of dehumanisation towards Blacks, an outgroup that has been historically targeted by heinous prejudice. The study tested, for the first time,
The role of individual differences in understanding and enhancing intergroup contact
In a world characterized by divisive rhetoric, heightened xenophobia, and other forms of prejudice, it is increasingly important to find effective ways of promoting functional intergroup relations.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES
Cognitive adaptation to the experience of social and cultural diversity.
TLDR
It is suggested that experiencing diversity that challenges expectations may not only encourage greater tolerance but also have benefits beyond intergroup relations to varied aspects of psychological functioning.
Framing interethnic ideology: effects of multicultural and color-blind perspectives on judgments of groups and individuals.
TLDR
The findings lead us to question the implicit assumption driving the majority of social psychological efforts at prejudice reduction: that the categorization process leads to prejudice, and that the relevance of social categories must therefore be de-emphasized.
Predicting Whether Multiculturalism Positively or Negatively Influences White Americans’ Intergroup Attitudes: The Role of Ethnic Identification
TLDR
It is proposed that multiculturalism can either positively or negatively influence White Americans’ intergroup attitudes depending on their degree of ethnic identification and the implications for threat perceptions, ethnic identification, and conceptions of diversity.
Critical History of the Acculturation Psychology of Assimilation, Separation, Integration, and Marginalization
The psychology of intercultural adaptation was first discussed by Plato. Many modern enculturation theories claim that ethnic minorities (including aboriginal natives, immigrants, refugees, and
Ethnic group identification and group evaluation among minority and majority groups: testing the multiculturalism hypothesis.
  • M. Verkuyten
  • Psychology, Sociology
    Journal of personality and social psychology
  • 2005
TLDR
Results from 4 studies provide support for the multiculturalism hypothesis, which proposes that the more minority groups endorse the ideology of multiculturalism, the more they will be to identify with their ethnic in-group and to show positive in-groups evaluation.
Rethinking the Link Between Categorization and Prejudice Within the Social Cognition Perspective
  • Bernadette Park, C. Judd
  • Psychology
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 2005
TLDR
It is suggested that a more useful approach is one that promotes intergroup harmony even while recognizing and valuing the distinctions that define the authors' social world.
The Evolution of Truly Social Cognition: The Core Configurations Model
  • L. Caporael
  • Psychology
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
  • 1997
TLDR
A vocabulary suitable for evolutionary analyses in the human cognitive, social, and behavioral sciences is introduced, substituting the concept of repeated assembly for nature-nurture dualism and arguing that human cognition is “truly social,” specialized for group living.
Considering Multiple Criteria for Social Categorization Can Reduce Intergroup Bias
TLDR
This article adds support to the view that increasing categorical complexity is a useful tool in bias reduction, by finding that unrelated, but not related, categorizations were necessary to reduce bias.
Does Multiple Categorization Reduce Intergroup Bias?
Two experiments explored whether crossing social category memberships can reduce intergroup bias. Experiment 1 provided a precise comparison between discrimination against single outgroups, partial
Categorization of individuals on the basis of multiple social features.
Five experiments used a name-matching paradigm developed by Taylor et al (1978) to investigate how people use the immediately apparent features of others as a basis of social categorization. Ss were
...
...